14 weeks pregnant? Congratulations as you enter the 4th month, i.e., 2nd trimester of your pregnancy. Now you must be feeling better after your rocky 1st trimester due to nausea, vomiting, cramps and spotting. Now you can bask in the glory of impending motherhood and enjoy. Quite a few important things will happen in the 4th month. Read on to find more about them.
Pregnancy At 14 Weeks
By the time you complete the third month, most of the organs of the baby are formed. So this is the time when doctors generally ask for an ultrasound exam. The organs can be easily monitored for confirming fetal well being. You will also be able to hear your baby’s heart beat without any amplification.
Boy or Girl
The external genitals of the baby start forming from week 14. So, the USG can reveal the gender of your child. Though, if you ask me, that is the only surprise element in the whole process so why spoil it!! If you are going to have twins, you may have a boy and a girl at the same time!!
2 or More
By 14th week your uterus will suddenly seem bigger than the normal if you are going to have twins or multiplets. Your doctor will recommend an ultrasound to confirm it. Before the 14th week USG cannot differentiate between the two heartbeats. So even if you have USG before this, it cannot be told if you are having twins. Whether the twins are fraternal (similar) or dizygotic (non similar) can be told only after they are born.
Changes in Hair, Skin and Nails
The hormonal changes in your body bring about changes in your skin, hair and nails. You might find your skin to be more prone to acne, sun burns and pigmentation. Linea nigra (faint line from navel to the pubic region) and mask of pregnancy (pigmentation on forehead, nose and cheeks) might begin forming. The skin will become itchy, especially on your abdomen.
Your hair might become more luxurious and black. Your nails will grow faster from now on. Most of the changes in your skin and hair will get back to normal post pregnancy. Some skin changes might remain for ever or need medical intervention for complete cure.
Although fetal movement is prominent only by 20th or 21st week, second time mothers begin to feel the movement by 14th week itself. That is because they are experienced and know what to look for. Here is one tip for new moms: if you feel like a tiny butterfly is flapping its wing inside you, it is your baby moving. The movement is very weak and short lived, 2-3 secs, and hence difficult to detect.
Most of the fetal organs are formed by week 13. Now the fetus is growing in size, and growing rapidly. It draws all its nutritional needs from you. So take a healthy, well balanced diet and include lots of calcium and iron rich foods. You can get calcium from milk, yoghurt, ice-cream, salmon and cheese. Red meat, poultry and fish are rich in iron. Vegetarians can opt for fruits and vegetables, especially, spinach and beetroot.