Bed bugs – the small, wingless insects are the most challenging pests to get rid of as they reproduce very fast. They feed on human and animal blood. Bed bugs are mostly active at night and bite people when they sleep. Bed bug bites are usually painless at first but later becomes itchy. They usually enter your home undetected through clothing, luggage or used furniture etc. They do not have nest and hide in places like mattresses, bed frames and headboard in groups to easily bite people at night. No quick fixes are available for getting rid of beg bug infestation. A single attempt may not be enough to get rid of them. It can take several weeks or months to eliminate them completely depending on the extent of infestation.
If you want a non-chemical method to get rid of bed bug infestation and do not want to hire pest control professionals, these steps will help you.
Inspect Signs Of Infestation
For identifying and exterminating these annoying creatures, it is necessary to inspect their hideouts first and determine the extent of infestation. The sign that you have live and dead bugs include:
• Blood stains or dark or rusty spots of bedbug excrement on sheets, pillow covers and mattresses, bed clothes, and walls.
• Check the mattresses carefully, particularly the seams, tags and piping. Also check the cushion seams, carpet edges and on the dark cracks and crevices.
• Look for small reddish-black fecal spots, shredded skin of the nymph or tiny cream colored egg shells.
• There can be musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands.
• Also check the furniture, closet and books, telephone and other household things around the bed.
• If you are unable to detect bed bugs but suspect them, set up a dry ice trap. Bed bugs are attracted to CO2 and you will be able to detect their presence around the thermos containing CO2 in just one evening.
If signs of infestation are detected, begin the steps that can exterminate the bed bugs from your home completely and prevent their return.
DIY Remedies For Bed Bug Infestation
1. Reduce Clutter
Cluttered areas are best hideouts for bed bugs. To exterminate them, you need to reduce clutter. Dispose off old clothes, newspapers, and magazines etc that are no longer in use. Removing unused things will make treatment easier. Also discard the infested items that cannot be treated using heat or washed with water.
2. Vacuum The Infested Areas
Once you have removed clutter and identified the infested areas, vacuum all the mattresses, bed linens, pillows and every corner of the floor, curtains and carpet, bed frame their joints etc. to suck up the bugs and their eggs. Do not forget to vacuum all the crevices and cracks where these annoying creatures can hide. Empty the vacuum and seal the bag immediately and dispose them off using hot water or disinfectant. Vacuum once a week to for at least one month to prevent re-infestation. Seal up all the cracks and crevices around molding of the bed to avoid hideouts.
3. Use Heat Treatment
Once you complete vacuuming, wash all the bedding, clothes etc. in hot water and dry them in hot sun. It is one of the best non-chemical and effective method for getting rid of bed bugs. Also use hot dryer to dry them. Repeat heat treatment twice to prevent re-infestation. Dismantle bed frame, remove drawers from dresser and desk and keep them in hot sun away from the rooms.
Small house hold items can be kept in the freezer in 16 degree Celsius for killing the bugs.
5. Use Nontoxic Insecticides
Sprinkling food grade diatomaceous earth, a non-toxic chalky substance which is derived from the remains of fossilized hard-shelled algae known as diatoms, to get rid of the bed bugs which have been missed.