HIV/AIDS is probably the most terrifying disease of the decade. This horrifying disease is spreading like a storm and is grasping millions of people in its disastrous hands. Treatment of AIDS and the other common health related issues which occur mainly due to the infection, can be dealt with only proper treatments.
The below mentioned drugs and alternative medicines are vital for any HIV infected patient, but these should be used only after proper consultation with a doctor or health care specialist.
Photo Credit: Herbalgranny.com/2010/08/13/do-we-have-herbal-treatment-for-aids/
Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART)
Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy or popularly named HAART is one of the most important or mainly used treatments for AIDS. This treatment was introduced in 1996 and has been successfully treating millions of AIDS patients since then.
Anti-retroviral drugs are primarily used to temporarily reduce the rate of virus multiplication and thereby, to stop the diseases caused by the virus by reducing the total number of virus in the blood (virus load).
These medications are also used to improve the immunity system of an infected person. But in spite of their high efficiency, these drugs are used in combination with other drugs, and when more than three drugs are used at a time then the treatment is referred to as Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy or HAART.
Photo Credit: Topnews.in/health/study-reinforces-antiretroviral-therapys-effectiveness-hiv-prevention-28178
This combination is popularly termed as anti-HIV cocktail. Presently there are approximately 20 licensed anti-HIV drugs available in the world market.
Protease Inhibitors (PIs)
HIV virus uses proteases to facilitate and speed up their production and replication, but the protease inhibitor drugs are used to inhibit and slow down the virus replication process.
Protease inhibitor drugs are FDA approved and are primarily used as second class anti-retroviral drugs. Some of the common examples of protease inhibitor drugs are Ritonavir, Tipranavir, Amprenavir, Fosamprenavir, Indinavir, Saquinavir, Nelfinavir, Lopinavir, Atazanavir and Darunavir.
Fusion Inhibitors or Entry Inhibitors are types of anti-retroviral drugs. This drug is normally used in combination with other anti-HIV drugs to create the so called anti-HIV cocktail.
The drug inhibits an HIV virion to interfere, fuse, and incorporate with a healthy human cell. Thereby it prevents the replication of HIV virus and stops the progression of AIDS from HIV positivity. Examples of some of these approved drugs are Maraviroc and Enfuvirtide.
Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTI)
These are also anti-retroviral drugs which minimizes viral reproduction and replication by inhibiting the activity of reverse transcriptase. Reverse transcriptase is a viral enzyme which is utilized by the virus to reproduce and multiply.
And Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors block and stops the enzyme’s activities, thereby preventing the multiplication of HIV virus. Some of the common examples of this drug are Apricitabine, Zalitabine, Abacavir, Emtricitabine, Stavudine, and Lamivudine.
Photo Credit: Unodc.org/southeasterneurope/en/hiv-and-aids.html
Alternative Treatments for AIDS
As stated by Indian Ayurveda specialist Dr. Shanthakumar in lifepositive.com, AIDS was detected by Ayurveda 2000 years ago and the disease is termed as Rajayakshma or the king of diseases in Ayurveda. The symptoms of this disease are mentioned in Vagbhata’s Astanga Hridayam and also in Charaka Samhita.
The doctor has claimed to have successfully treated 43 out of his 64 AIDS patients with various eco-friendly treatment methods and medications. Application of paste sandalwood has been considered to be a very important remedy in this process.
A good and effective diet is considered to be very essential for an AIDS patient. Inclusion of right amount of micro and macronutrients in the diet of an infected person is very essential and has been proven to be very efficient in controlling AIDS and its corresponding side-effects.