STDs or Sexually transmitted diseases are the ones that get spread from one person to another when they indulge in sex. Till date known are around 25 different kinds of such sexually transmittable diseases which can affect if one has vaginal, oral or anal sex with someone who is infected with any such disease.
In most cases STDs could catch you if you have a sexual interaction with someone who is already suffering from STD. The most common types of STDs known to occur are listed as follows.
Types of STDs
The most common types of STDs are discussed below:
Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) damages the immune system of a person thereby causing the condition of Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome or typically called AIDS. It usually takes around 10 years for a normal healthy person who is having a balanced regular diet to develop AIDS once he is affected by HIV. A person positive with HIV could transfer the virus to another with whom he indulges into sex.
An imbalance in the healthy bacteria found in the vagina is the root cause of BV or Bacterial Vaginosis, which though is not a highly dangerous disease in itself but could sometimes be the cause of a discharge from the vagina that smells like rotten fish.
Though BV is not literally an STD but it is found to be more prominent in women who are highly active in their sexual lives as compared to the ones who are not.
The chlamydia trachomatis bacterium is the root cause of Chlamydia which by far is the most common STD. It has its effects on both males and females and could damage the rectum, eyes and urethra of the infected. It can spread by sexual contact and intercourse. It can develop infertility in women, who do not go for its timely treatment.
Crabs or Pubic Lice
Found majorly in armpit hairs, eyelashes and facial hairs, these small grey yellow colored tiny creatures have claws which they use to cling upon the skin of the person and their main purpose is to get deep into the skin so as to suck the blood of the victim. They are parasites and are shaped like a crab. They get easily passed on to one another during sexual intercourse.
Another type of sexually transmitted infection is called Gonorrhea or Clap. It affects the throat, anus, rectum or cervix of the infected. It gets easily transmitted during sexual interactions.
Herpes Virus have two strains generally referred as HSV-1 and HSV 2 and it is HSV-2 that is most commonly responsible for itching, tingling, pain, headaches etc and it develops in genital and anal areas of a person and could get transmitted to another during physical contact.
Generally referred as MC it is a viral infection which ultimately causes a skin disease. It can catch up a person if he has any direct skin to skin contact with someone who is infected.
The parasite Sarcoptes scabiei is the cause of the disease called Scabies which causes tremendous itching and skin infestation. It is another form of STD which can affect the persons indulged in physical activities.
Earlier called pox the bacteria named Treponema pallidium is the main cause of Syphilis which is an infection and is sexually transmitted. If not treated timely it could worsen and even affect heart or could lead to death as well.
Also called candidiasis, Thrush is a yeast infection and is supposed to be developed by a Fungus species called Candida. It is not seen as a highly vulnerable STD.
During sexual intercourse a single cell organism called trichomonas vaginalis gets transmitted from the infected to the other and thereby causing what is known as Trichomoniasis or Trich. Its major areas of attack are vagina and uthera.