Getting to know of your preeclampsia during pregnancy can be disheartening. Preeclampsia generally occurs during the second half of the pregnancy though not essentially. Preeclampsia in itself may not harm you or your child much but when it results into eclampsia, things can become alarming.
With no cure, preeclampsia can present a forbidding panorama for pregnant women. But there are treatment options which can help protect both the mother and her child. Regular checkups are necessary to outline any anomaly in pregnancy and furnish appropriate prenatal care.
Preeclampsia can be managed well when diagnosed early and prevent health threats both for the mother and her child. Following are the main treatment measures which can be implemented for preeclampsia in pregnancy.
Preeclampsia In Pregnancy
This is the most appropriate treatment for preeclampsia (and eclampsia). Your doctor can, however, postpone delivery if it does not seem feasible. Depending upon the extent of preeclampsia, your doctor decides when to deliver the child. He/she ascertains your baby’s health, the severity of your preeclampsia and your cervix.
If the baby is developed sufficiently, which is usually around 37 weeks of pregnancy, you may undergo a cesarean section. You doctor can also attempt to induce labor. This can prevent the preeclampsia from getting worse. Your delivery is usually kept as close to your due date as possible.
If you cannot deliver, you can be treated with medications allowing time for appropriate development of the baby. Magnesium can be used as injections to prevent eclampsia-related seizures (during delivery). Anticonvulsive medications can be given for severe preeclampsia. Medications can also help prevent seizures and other problems. Steroid injections can also be given to help develop your baby’s lungs more quickly.
Besides, hydralazine (or an antihypertensive drug) can be administered to manage severe blood pressure fluctuations. Your fluid intake also needs close monitoring. Corticosteroids can be used to treat severe preeclampsia (HELLP syndrome). These can aid liver and platelet functioning and improve pregnancy. They can also contribute to prepare your baby after delivery.
For mild preeclampsia, you may be advised bed rest. Hospitalization can ensure careful observation and monitoring of the fetal heart rate, blood pressure, blood and urine examinations and ultrasounds.
For severe preeclampsia, hospitalization can ensure better management. Non stress tests or biophysical profiles can help monitor the baby’s health. During hospitalization, the amniotic fluid is also measured to determine appropriate blood supply to the baby.
At Home Treatment
At home measures can be implemented to give sufficient development time to the baby to grow. Measures include bed rest (with left side lying), restricting salt intake, drinking additional water and close monitoring of your and your baby’s well being. Besides blood pressure, the urine protein levels also need to be monitored closely.
If you gain more weight than usual or have new symptoms, consult your doctor at the earliest. Bed rest can also help reduce blood pressure and increase blood flow to the placenta and allow your baby to mature. You should restrict your movement only to the essential activities.