One of the most worrisome speech disorders is stuttering, also referred to as stammering and is characterized by involuntary disruptions in speech. The interruptions can be of different types such as some type of stuttering involves repetition of sounds whereas some include repetition of words. There are also cases in which worlds are prolonged or some words may be entirely blocked. However, this disorder can affect the quality of life because it causes difficulty in communication. Moreover, children between the ages of 2 and 5 are most likely to exhibit stuttering in their speech.
Some children outgrow this disorder with time while it also persists in adulthood for some. Parents find it very alarming to discover that their child is unable to speak properly and they wish to eliminate it. The first step to take is to first figure out the causes of stuttering through which the disorder can be wrenched out from the roots. There is a lot of uncertainty surrounding the causes of childhood stuttering but some possibilities have been ascertained which are:
Understanding The Different Reasons Behind Stuttering:
This is a very prominent cause of stuttering amongst young children. This speech disorder often runs in the family and this fact has been substantiated by several organizations. The latest research identified and isolated the genes which were responsible for causing stuttering. Any form of mutation in these genes results in this speech disorder and therefore children stutter. They are also unable to outgrow it as they grow older.
A very common reason behind stuttering is the slow rate of development in some children. When it comes to speech development, some children tend to lag behind their counterparts. The development of a child might be hindered by a wide array of reasons and of its manifestation is this particular speech disorder. Children find it difficult to pronounce some words and they also might not be able to complete complex sentences properly.
Along with the brain, there are certain body parts and muscles which contribute to the art of speech. For proper and fluent speech, it is vital that these parts interact with the brain effectively. Stuttering will manifest itself in a child if this function is not performed in the directed manner. This interaction problem can occur because of developmental delays and vanishes once the children have caught up with their development.
Many professionals argue that psychological reasons do not cause stuttering but only enhance it. However, psychological reasons have been considered a root cause for stuttering traditionally as well. Stress, speaking before a crowd, depression and anxiety are the major psychological factors which have been known to give rise to stuttering in children.
Apart from these major causes, there are also emotional problems behind the existence of this speech disorder. Children who have a low self esteem or shy might end up suffering from stuttering. In addition, they may also stutter if they are afraid or hesitant in an environment or feel embarrassed because of a past event. Moreover, fear and trauma are also the two important culprits behind stuttering. Children might not be able to speak properly because they are scared and anxious.
Stuttering is also defined as a neurological problem which is very similar to development delays. Children begin to find it troublesome to coordinate the speech muscles due to the presence of external demands. This inability leads to stuttering which goes away with physical maturation.
Injuries, Diseases and Illnesses
Problems which have an impact on brain activity can incite stuttering. This is because brain sends signals to the nerves and muscles for speech and if there is any disruption, stuttering arises. Children who suffer from any diseases like hearing impairment can stutter because their brain is damaged. Likewise, if they are inflicted by health issues such as head injury, brain infection and stroke.