Do you dream of making beautiful flower beds in your garden that would be admired by all your guests? Given are some tips in this regard. Do not fix the flower bed on any part of the garden without proper plan because flower beds once installed is difficult to move.
Also rebuilding of a flower bed is tough job during which you may loss many of your grown plants and hence makes flower beds only after inspection of the site and preparation of proper design. Raised flower beds have an additional advantage that they can supplement the poor top soil of your garden with new fertile and drainable soil. In order to have beautiful flower beds that would have flowers throughout the year, one must be very careful in choosing the plants and should ensure the presence of plants that flower in various season.
Flower beds are usually raised over the ground and can be constructed with brick, stones or wood. If the material used for building flower beds are wood, then prefer pressure treated weather resistant woods such as cedar, redwood, pine etc. However flower beds made out of stones or bricks last longer than that of woods. Now a day’s even pre-fabricated flower beds are available for raising plants. Considering the appearance of the house one should select the material for building flower beds, for example if the house has a cottage look then favor a rustic or can even have casual flower beds made of field stones.
Once the material is decided, think about the design of the garden. For this locate the areas where maximum sunlight is available throughout the day and also consider the underground utilities in the garden. This helps to choose the type of plants that are suitable for the location. There are various types of flower bed designs possible such as flower around fountain.
If there is a slope in the garden then it can be made use of by creating flower beds in ladder steps pattern or if the garden is a flat area then flower beds can be constructed on the flat surfaces along the borders of pathway or house. Flower beds can be constructed in any shapes ranging from straight, rectangular to curved or circular based on the landscape designs. Most of the flower beds have 6 to 8 inches depth and if the area is rather wet then build flowers beds which have a depth of minimum of 12 inches for proper drainage.
After determining the site, shape, height and width of the flower beds, sketch them in a paper and make changes if required. Thereafter mark the designs by measuring the width and length on the ground and one can use stakes and strings for straight structures while for marking curves and rounds use either ropes or garden hose and mark the line with flour on the ground.
Dig the edges of the flower bed to sufficient depth as per the building material used and dig the areas within the border with a shovel. Break all the heavy lumps and remove all the grasses and stubbles and even do a soil testing with the help of soil test kit which are readily available in the market. Adding sand to the clay soil provides more drainage and addition of peat moss or compost breaks up the sticky materials of the soil and increases the pore space and improves air circulation in the soil.
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Hence mix some sand, ashes, well-rotted manure, peat moss, grass clipping etc and layer them on the bottom of the flower bed. Before adding the soil lay wires mesh at the bottom which will prevent the invaders likes moles and protect the plants. Then keep aside a mixture of good loamy soil, well-rotted manure, humus, peat moss, sand etc to layer the top of the flower bed.
Ensure that the trench at the borders of the flower beds are flat at the bottom and put crushed stones at the bottom. Top the crushed stones with sand to level the surface and lay stones or bricks over the sand and make sure the top of the stone or brick is leveled and if not adjust the base material so as to keep them leveled. Fill the gaps in between the stones or bricks with crushed stones and sand and spread soil over the bricks to keep the gaps between the edges and the stones. Layer the second row starting with a half stone or brick to keep the flush of the row. Add rows in the same manner till the desired height is reached.
Put the prepared top soil mixture in the area bounded by stones and allow the soil to settle down naturally. Add the particular manures that are necessary to amend the soil. Now it’s time to plant and while selecting the plants care should be taken to mix them in such a way that there are flowers in the garden throughout the year and for this consider the flowering time of the plants.
Also ensure that the taller plants are planted in the back even though they are smaller at the time of planting and smaller ones in the front so that it provides a good view of the flower bed. Prefer plants that require more sun light like daisies, iris, asters, poppies, marigolds, hollyhocks, roses, sweet peas, delphiniums etc. For those shady areas select plants like primroses, begonias, bleeding heart, astilbe, impatients etc.
Certain plants like clematis prefer sun but they need shade in their root zone, hence plant smaller plants like bachelor’s button or anemones around clematis’s base and this not only provides shade at the root zone but also complements the color of the clematis’s flower. Color plays important roles in making the garden attractive hence try to mingle colors in such a way that each flower complements the other and provides a beautiful focal point.
Plant the seedlings at appropriate place and spread mulch around their base and water them regularly so that the plants start flowering within a short span of time. Beautifully arranged flower beds at perfect sites make the garden really attractive and you can enjoy this beauty for years if the garden is perfectly maintained.