Thyroid Disorders And Their Effect On Fertility

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Fertility Infertility is found to be common among 10% of the total population across the world. This infertility is found in both male and female. While the reasons for infertility in male are attributed to low sperm count or poor quality of the sperm, the cause of infertility in females is sometimes attributed to the thyroid problems in females. The thyroid is a small gland which is found at the base of the neck below the Adam’s apple.

This gland produces hormones such as T3 and T4. The hormones are used to control many activities of the body and these activities are together known as metabolism. If the thyroid gland is not working properly or not producing the right amount of hormones then it leads to thyroid disorder. The main types of thyroids disorders and how they affect the fertility are discussed here:

Five Thyroid Disorders And Their Effect On Fertility

Hypothyroidism

This is the thyroid disorder where the hormones are not produced to certain levels. This at times leads to infertility in women. The low levels of the thyroid hormone create a problem with the release of eggs from the ovary which leads to infertility.

Hypothyroidism

Source: http://www.drugs.com/health-guide/hypothyroidism.html

The basic reasons of hypothyroidism such as an autoimmune and pituitary disorder can also lead to infertility. Even after curing hyperthyroidism if infertility exists then treatment for the same is required to be undergone.

Hyperthyroidism

This is the disorder where the hormones produced by the thyroid glands are produced in excess. This excess production can lead to problems in males. Problems in sperm development can be faced if the hormone is produced in excess.

Hyperthyroidism

In females the menstruation period can be affected and delayed. The symptoms of hyperthyroidism are weight loss, diarrhea and anxiety. This disorder leads to anovulation which in turn leads to difficulties in fertility. Radioactive treatment for a long term is prescribed for woman with hyperthyroidism.

Grave’s Disease

This is an autoimmune disease which affects the thyroid gland. If this disease is present in the body the immune system of the body produces more antibodies to act like TSG with caused the thyroid to produce more hormone than what is required by the body.

Grave’s Disease

This over production of hormone is known as hyperthyroidism and it leads to infertility in male as well as female. This disease is more prevalent in women than in men and this disease has affected women who were pregnant 12 months before the onset of the symptoms.

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Hashimoto’s Disease

This is another autoimmune disease which affects the thyroid gland. This disease produces antibodies that damage the thyroid cells and thus this interferes with the production of thyroid hormone.

In a given time the levels of the thyroid hormone reach from low to zero. This results in hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism affects the egg release and thus causes problems such as infertility in women. Genes, too much iodine and other drugs are some factors which cause this Hashimoto’s disease.

Thyroid Nodules

This is a disorder caused in the thyroid gland. In this disorder one section of the thyroid gland is found to be swollen. This is most common thyroid disorder found in many people. The reason for this formation is not known yet.

Thyroid Nodules

There can be one thyroid nodule or many which can be found solid or filled with fluid or blood. These thyroid nodules force the thyroid gland to produce more hormones thus resulting in hyperthyroidism which in turn can lead to infertility.

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