There is rapid growth of the foetus in the second month or week 5 of your pregnancy. The baby resembles a tiny tadpole and its size is that of an orange seed. This is the time when the baby’s circulatory system starts developing. Closer to the seventh week, the doctor can easily detect a heartbeat and confirm viability of the pregnancy.
The consumption of folic acid becomes essential because the baby’s neural tube and spinal cord are now taking shape. The experience of pregnancy is the 5th month is different for every woman but there are some characteristic symptoms of pregnancy that you will be now experiencing.
Week 5 Pregnancy Symptoms
Heartburn and Indigestion
This is one of the first symptoms experienced by women in the initial few weeks of their pregnancies. Heartburn can be quite severe and some unfortunate women are likely to experience it throughout their pregnancies. The two hormones progesterone and relaxin relax all smooth muscles of the digestive tract. This makes it difficult for the food to be digested giving you a feeling of fullness and indigestion.
Women also develop an acute sensitivity to some foods, which may cause them to experience heartburn. The food and the digestive juices of the stomach are thrown back into the oesophagus resulting in a severe burning sensation. In order to deal with it, it is recommended that women consume small meals throughout the day, drink plenty of water, eat slowly and keep their weight in check as excess weight can compound the problem.
Food Aversions and Cravings
Changes in the taste buds and food preferences are quite normal during pregnancy. It is quite common to see women developing an aversion for all foods that they used to enjoy earlier and developing a strong liking for not so favourite foods. This too can be attributed to the various hormonal changes being experienced in the body.
The top ranking aversive foods are tea, coffee, poultry, eggs and fish. Cravings for cold foods and ice cream seem to dominate the taste buds for most women. In order to deal with them, women need to ensure that they eat healthy substitutes for aversive foods so that their baby’s needs are not compromised. Having said that they can also give in to their cravings as long as their overall diet remains healthy.
Nausea and Vomiting
It is during the 5th week when hormones are peaking that women begin to experience nausea. The nausea can come unexpectedly and can be very profound, lasting almost the entire day. It may or may not be experienced with vomiting. Some women are unlucky enough to get severe bouts of vomiting especially early in the morning.
Nausea is worse in the first trimester of pregnancy. It generally eases off by the 4th month when the hormones begin to settle down. The best way of dealing with it is to avoid the triggers like offensive foods and smells. Keep eating throughout the day to keep the tummy a little full without overloading it. Nausea is worse on an empty stomach. Take anti-nausea medication if you cannot tolerate the discomfort.
A lot of women find it difficult to cope with the unpleasant sensations of pregnancy and the sudden life changes. This is bound to put things out of perspective and make them feel unusually grumpy. Mood swings are very common in the 5th and 6th weeks. Fatigue, heartburn and nausea can make a woman cranky, irritable and prone to temper tantrums.
Here the family can come to the woman’s rescue and ease her discomfort by ensuring that she gets enough rest, sound nutrition and quality sleep. Women should stay with positive people and take up hobbies to keep themselves constructively occupied. With time mood swings shall pass.
The veins over your body become more visible and pronounced after the 5th week of pregnancy. This may look a little anaesthetic and unsightly. Visible veins appear because the volume of blood produced in the body doubles to accommodate the growing needs of the baby. This may make the veins look larger and more well defined. To keep this in control, women should stay active and get moderate exercise on a daily basis.
Changes in the breast are very common during this time. They may feel more swollen, tender and full. This can become a little uncomfortable. A good option is to pick up well fitting lingerie and maternity bras, which give the right cushioning and proper support to your breasts.
Increase in Vaginal Discharge
During the 5th week, women may notice that their vaginas start leaking copious amounts of discharge. This is the vagina’s way of self-cleaning to ensure that no germs enter the uterus. Changes in the levels of hormones can also increase the vaginal discharge. One way of dealing with this is to wear panty liners so that you do not stain your clothes or your underwear. With time, this symptom too settles down.
Faintness and Dizziness
Some women complain of faintness and dizziness during the 5th week of pregnancy. This happens due to the sudden rush of blood to the head due to the large scale of blood produced in the body. In order to prevent this, women must eat well, drink fluids and get up slowly to prevent sudden attacks of dizziness.
Since digestion tends to slow down after the 5th week, it is not uncommon for women to feel slightly constipated. Constipation is a very real problem and can cause complications if not dealt with. In order to tackle it, fight back with fibre. Make sure you drink enough water and take in at least 4-5 servings of fruits and vegetables to battle constipation.
These are some of the common signs and symptoms experienced in the 5th week of pregnancy. Not all women experience them at the same time or in the same amounts. While they can be uncomfortable, taking proper rest and nutrition to combat this problem will keep the symptoms under control. This will ensure that the woman stays comfortable.