Infertility is fast becoming one of the leading causes of childlessness in couples. It has been seen that 4 out of 10 couples find it extremely difficult to conceive. Classic infertility is diagnosed if the couple have not conceived even after a year of unprotected intercourse.
This becomes more problematic if the woman has crossed the age of 35. Infertility however can easily be pinpointed and diagnosed with diagnostic tools and in most cases, it can be remedied and rectified. Here are some of the common causes of both male and female infertility.
Causes Of Infertility
About 60% of infertility cases can be attributed to the woman. Here are some of the top causes of female infertility.
This is a condition in which the endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus and causes heavy bleeding, cramping and pain. At times, the tissue grows on the ovaries in the form of cysts and enters the fallopian tubes, thus blocking them and leading to infertility. Laparoscopic surgery helps to remove the excess tissue and if all fails, then assisted reproductive technology can be of some help.
Irregular periods can cause ovulation problems. This prevents the release of a mature egg from the ovary. The bleeding also may be light or heavy. This condition is treated with the help of ovary stimulating drugs like clomid to produce mature eggs. Then the woman is asked to try conceiving during her fertile period.
Poor Egg Quality
The quality if eggs become poor as the woman crosses 35 and the eggs develop chromosomal abnormalities. Miscarriages occur and the woman cannot sustain a pregnancy. Hence, surrogacy or egg donation becomes an option or a way out.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Here the patient’s ovaries develop very small cysts due to which ovulation does not occur. This happens due to hormonal imbalances. It also leads to irregular and heavy periods, excessive hair growth, acne and weight gain. The solution to this is the treatment with hormonal injections, clomid and assisted reproductive technology like IVF.
The tubes often are blocked and damaged due to some obstruction. This often happens because of an ectopic pregnancy. This also leads to infertility. Some of the leading causes are PID (Pelvic Inflammatory disease), Chlamydia and sterilization. IVF and laparoscopic surgery to remove the blockage is an option.
Male infertility can be attributes to 40% cases of infertility. Here are some of the causes of male infertility.
This occurs when the man develops varicose veins in the testes and this leads to the seminal tubes getting blocked. This prevents the transportation of healthy sperm. STDs Like Gonohrrea and Chlamydia are also linked to tube blockage. Normally a surgery is done to repair the varicocele.
One of the primary factors in male infertility is the quality of sperms. The sperms are often immotile, abnormally shaped or too less in number to facilitate conception. The use of fertility drugs, banning smoking and following a healthy lifestyle can improve fertility. The other options to treat this condition are IUI or IVF. Donor sperms can also be injected into the woman’s body.
There are some cases of infertility, which are unexplained even as the man and the woman show no abnormal parameters. They are thought to be accruing to environmental conditions, toxins and obesity. Some cases of infertility are also because of a combination of both female and male infertility, which makes the case complicated and difficult to treat.