The miracle of pregnancy can be detected as early as two weeks after ovulation. While the signs and symptoms are very subtle, an intuitive and perceptive woman can easily detect the first signs.
Some of the signs are common to most women though not all women may experience them. Let us now study some of the first and earliest signs of pregnancy. These will help you to determine whether you are pregnant or not.
First Signs Of Pregnancy
This is usually one of the first signs of an early pregnancy. It generally occurs 10-12 days after ovulation. Most women are unaware of it and may dismiss it as an early period. The discharge is light pink to a bright red and is not very profuse. Some women may detect it as mild spotting. The bleeding occurs when the fertilized embryo burrows itself into the lining of the uterus. This may cause some cramping and residual bleeding which subsides after 2-3 days.
Breast tenderness is a typical sign of an early pregnancy. Most women tend to confuse it with PMS as many women experience breast tenderness just before the onset of their period. The breasts feel tender, swollen and achy.
If you have been planning for a child, this is a good indication that you may be pregnant. You can confirm the pregnancy by using a highly sensitive home pregnancy test. If the test comes out positive, it is time to see a doctor.
Missed Menstrual Period
A missed period or a delayed period is a fairly good indicator that you could be pregnant. Not all missed periods though are due to an established pregnancy. At times, stress can also lead to a delayed period. Once you miss your periods for more than 3-4 days and are also experiencing all the above symptoms, it is time to go see a doctor who can help confirm the pregnancy for you. Once your pregnancy has been confirmed, make sure you get all the quality prenatal care that you deserve.
Fatigue is almost common to all pregnant women especially in their first trimester. As soon as you miss your period, you will start to feel lazy, unusually tired, sleepy and irritable. Some women complain that they just do not feel like getting up from the bed.
This happens due to the increase in the volume of blood in the body and growing demand for nutrients that will now be supplied to the foetus. This is also the time when you should be taking it easy and getting as much rest as possible.
A Positive Pregnancy Test
A confirmed home pregnancy test will give you accurate results 99% of the time. Very rarely do pregnancy tests give false positives. If you are not sure, do the test on 2-3 consecutive days to confirm. The urine pregnancy test works by detecting the presence of the hormone HCG in the urine.
This is a hormone, which is released by the placenta, once the embryo has been implanted into the uterus. The higher the concentration of HCG, the more accurate the result. That is why it makes sense to wait for 2-3 days after your period due date to take the test.
Cramping does occur in the early part of a pregnancy though it is rather unusual. Some women complain of cramping as soon as they miss their period. This occurs because the embryo is now burrowing itself into the uterine wall. This causes the wall to contract, leading to painful cramps and spasms. Of course, the cramps could also be a sign of an early miscarriage so make sure you notify your doctor immediately.
Nausea And Vomiting
One of the most unfortunate signs of an early pregnancy is nausea and vomiting. It causes the maximum discomfort and unease. Some women experience it typically in the morning while some suffer from it throughout the day. The nausea and vomiting occurs because of the high circulation of pregnancy hormones.
These hormones work toward relaxing the lining of the stomach and thus slowing down the digestive process. Any overload on the digestive system leads to excessive nausea and vomiting. This condition has also been termed as morning sickness.
Due to an increase in the volume of blood, the urinary output also increases. This makes the woman urinate frequently. This happens often in the first and last trimester. The baby also begins to put pressure on the bladder, which increases the urge to urinate.
Food cravings begin to occur as early as five weeks of pregnancy. Nausea and vomiting may not allow you to eat much. As a result, you may begin to crave for certain kinds of foods. Some women start to crave for salty food while others may find themselves gorging on ice creams. This is extremely normal. Just ensure that you do not give in too much to unhealthy food and cravings which do you harm.
Altered Sense of Taste
A very perceptible change can be felt in the way food tastes to a pregnant woman. She may also find a constant metallic taste in her mouth, which makes her feel uncomfortable. Certain foods may also begin to taste offensive and she may develop an intense dislike for them.
Altered Sense of Smell
Another common symptom that occurs amongst pregnant women is an altered sense of smell. You may suddenly find yourself hating your hubby’s favourite perfume and turning your nose up in revulsion. Foods like cumin and garlic smell offensive and rotten. Many women cannot stand the smell of lentils being tempered with oil and onion.
The smells, which you used to love earlier, may seem obnoxious and unappealing to your senses. This too is fairly common and a routine part of pregnancy. Thankfully, the offensive smells temper down and disappear on their own after the first trimester. Of course, some women continue to find certain smells distasteful.
These uncomfortable symptoms are all a common and routine occurrence during pregnancy. One must not be overly concerned about them but do deal with them by speaking to your doctor so that you are most comfortable.