There are several metals used in the creation of fine jewellery. By knowing the different types of metals used, their benefits, visual and aesthetic appeal, you will be able to make a more informed decision about the selection of jewellery.
The metals that are commonly used to make jewellery are gold, silver, platinum, titanium, radium. Some jewellery pieces also use semi precious stones like emeralds and rubies. Gold is by far the most popular choice for jewellery and is used to make rings, necklaces, brooches, bracelets and earrings. While selecting gold, there are two things to be kept in mind, the colour of the gold, the density of the gold in combination with other metals and the purity and authenticity of gold used.
Tips for Buying Pure Gold Jewellery
Carats are the purity and the density of gold present in the jewellery. Carats are a measure of gold in a jewellery piece along with the presence of other alloys. Carats only signify the purity of the gold. All other characteristics of gold are frivolous. While diamond jewellery also uses carats, the measuring criteria are not quite the same. The more the carats in gold jewellery, the more expensive and rare it is. Since the value of gold is always sky rocketing, it is also the best tool for investment when it comes to jewellery. Many people are investing in 24-carat gold biscuits, which significantly appreciate, with time.
A 9-carat piece of jewellery contains 35% of gold along with a combination of other alloys. Similarly an 18 carat jewellery piece contains 75% more gold. Pure, unadulterated 24-carat gold jewellery is rare and is extremely expensive. Weddings normally use some pieces of 24-carat jewellery while other pieces also use a mixture of two or more alloys along with gold. Gold also comes in 22 carats and 10 carats respectively. If you want to check the purity of gold, go to a reputed jeweller who will be able to tell you its authenticity with the help of some specialized equipment.
Jewellery is stamped with marking to show the content of gold or its carats. For example in 9 Kt(Karat) gold jewellery, the stamping or marking will be 9cts, 9 kt . For 14 karat, the marking will be 14cts or 14K. The stamp will only indicate the purity of the gold metal and nothing else. It does not give any information about the presence of other alloys. It is important to check whether the jewellery has been stamped before you purchase it from the jeweller.
The Tensile Strength of the Metal
The purity of gold can also be gauged by the tensile strength of the metal. The tensile strength of the gold uses a measure known as the Vicker’s scale. The high scorings of a gold piece of jewellery on the Vicker’s scale indicate its hardiness and rigidity. It also makes the metal less malleable to change. Rings often use harder alloys of gold. Thus, most gold rings last for centuries and are resistant to bending, wringing and chipping.
The Colour Hues of Gold
The colour of gold varies across different jewellery designs. Generally, yellow gold is more popular as compared to white gold. Other jewellery simply consists of gold plating or 1-carat gold, which is very miniscule. Jewellery can also be made using a combination of different colours. These are called multi-coloured gold jewellery pieces. Yellow gold is by far the most fetching and hardy. The gold does not come off with age and use.