When these ticks feed on the deer’s blood stream, they may ingest deadly bacteria (scientifically called Borrelia burgdorferi). When the infected ticks bite humans there are increased chances of these dangerous bacteria getting released into the human blood stream. These bacteria are reponsible for the development of Lyme disease.
Who are Suscpetible
1) Furry Pet Owners
Ticks are found on furry animals. So if you have long haired pets at home, there are increased chances of these tiny creatures attacking your pet’s blood stream causing numerous diseases. In the process, these ticks have the ability to stick on to the furniture, clothes in your cupboard, etc. When you fail to notice their presence, there are increased chances of you being infected with these tiny creatures, making you more susceptible to Lyme disease.
If you have been hiking or biking in places filled with long blade grasses or in mountainous regions during warm, humid climatic conditions, there are increased chances of ticks clinging on to your clothes or skin, in turn causing the disease.
Ticks love warm humid areas filled with moisture and therefore prefer to stay in gardens that are regularly watered. If you are into gardening, you may be at an increased risk of contracting the disease.
Symptoms Of Lyme Disease
The initial symptoms of Lyme disease are very much similar to normal flu. You might experience chills, fevers and headache along with overall malaise and lethargy. A tick bite leaves a characteristic bull’s eye rash on the skin and is one of the easiest ways to identify whether you have contracted a Lyme disease or not. When you notice rashes that have a bull’s eye like appearance you should immediately consult a doctor.
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If left untreated, Lyme disease can cause swelling of lymph nodes. You might also experience extreme pain and inflammation of the joints. Swelling around brain leading to meningitis, partial facial paralysis due to damage of nerve endings, confused thoughts, numbness of hands and legs, irregular heart beats (palpitations) and muscle pain are also observed.
Treatment Of Lyme Disease
After being diagnosed with Lyme disease, you will be administered antibiotics depending on the severity of the disease. In most cases, the disease is completely curable. In rare cases, people suffer from life long side effects like partial facial paralysis or muscle pain and inflammation.
Prevention For Lyme Disease
To prevent yourself for contracting Lyme disease, follow these simple and easy rules:
1) Regular Trimming of Pets
If you have pets that have long furs, it is advisable to give them a regular trimming to keep the fur short. This is extremely beneficial for the health of your pet and for your well being too. Wash your pet regularly. If you find ticks on the pet’s skin, it is advisable to take it immediately to a veterinarian and remove the ticks .
2) Clothing While Hiking/Biking
If you want to spend time outdoors on weekends for hiking or biking purposes, remember to wear long sleeved shirts and full pants. It is also advisable to wear knee high rubber boots. Tuck your pant inside the boosts to prevent ticks from crawling into your skin. Wear light colored fabric for east detection of ticks or any type of insect. After hiking, remember to thoroughly check your clothes for any ticks. Examine your skin as well.
In case you find ticks on your skin, gently but firmly pull them out with a pair of tweezers. Ticks have an annoying habit of embedding their head inside the skin, so make sure you do not leave their mouth parts inside your skin while pulling out. Leaving the head inside your body will turn out to be disastrous because the bacteria will continue to release toxins in your blood stream. If you are not sure about removing ticks properly, you can always visit a doctor and get it removed.
3) Use Insect Repellents
When outdoors, use insect repellents on your clothes to prevent ticks from clinging on to your skin or clothes.
If you have been bitten by a tick, keenly look out for any type of health changes for a period of 30 days. If you observe flu like symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.