While high blood pressure is extremely famous and is the most common health complication experienced by many people worldwide, low blood pressure, also termed as “hypotension”, is soon catching up in terms of popularity. With an alarming increase in the number of patients complaining about a gradual or sudden drop in blood pressure, recognizing the symptoms of this dangerous condition is highly beneficial in raising one’s awareness levels.
Listed below are seven important low pressure symptoms you need to look out for.
Important Symptoms of Low Pressure
This occurs when the blood pressure falls low all of a sudden, leading to decreased blood flow to several components of the brain. A sudden fall in blood supply will weaken the brain cells and nerves, interfering with their functioning. This will cause dizziness in the affected individual.
In some cases, the person might immediately recover and become all right without requiring any type of medication. In other cases, the person might require medical intervention to increase his/her pressure levels and get them back to the normal range.
This is the most common symptom of low pressure seen in older individuals irrespective of their gender. Here, a sudden drop in pressure is experienced when the person gets up from a sitting position. This might also occur when the person tries to stand or sit from a sleeping position.
The cardiovascular system needs to adapt itself quickly when there is a sudden change in position. In healthy individuals, the arterial walls will slightly contract to increase the pressure levels to facilitate effective blood flow to the brain.
In patients suffering from low blood pressure, this narrowing down of arteries gets hampered, resulting in decreased pressure being experienced by the arteries. This in turn will result in decreased blood flow to the brain, resulting in lightheadedness and dizziness lasting for a few seconds or minutes.
Additionally, the lower extremities of the body will collect blood when a person is sitting or lying down. When he/she suddenly stands up, the body will not react in a quick and effective manner, resulting in decreased blood flow to the rest of the body, resulting in low pressure. However, in most of the cases, the blood pressure levels stabilize on their own without requiring any type of medical treatment.
If you notice sudden weakness, dizziness or increased palpitations after you consume a meal, your body could be signaling the presence of postprandial hypotension. This symptom of low pressure is restricted to individuals whose bodies are not able to deal with a sudden amount of blood flow required for digestion process after meal consumption. Requiring a sudden increase in blood flow, the body will not be able to cope in an effective manner, leading to a sudden drop in pressure.
When there is a decrease in blood pressure, the blood vessels that supply blood to vital organs like eyes get hampered. With a decrease in blood flow to various parts of the optic region, a sudden decrease in person’s vision or unexplained blindness for a few seconds is inevitable. Therefore, if you suddenly experience blurred vision or disturbances in your eyes, your body could be signaling symptoms of low pressure.
A decrease in blood pressure in and around the cardiac region might lead to decreased blood flow to important chambers of the heart and lungs.
This can result in increased palpitations and/or sudden chest pain. Difficulty in breathing and sudden weakness could collectively signal the presence of low pressure that requires immediate treatment.
Although not a very common symptom of low pressure, sudden changes in skin color should be a cause of concern. A decrease in blood pressure might result in dilation of the venous system resulting in decreased blood flow to the skin layers. This might cause skin paleness in the affected individual, signifying low pressure.
In extreme cases, a low pressure might result in decreased functioning of the kidneys in the body. This will have a direct effect on the body’s ability to expel toxic waste from the blood stream. This will result in excess circulation of toxic waste like urea and creatinine in the blood stream, making it a huge health concern for the affected individual.
When ignored or left untreated, low pressure might result in a sudden shutdown of various vital organs like heart, eyes, kidneys, brain and liver. Unconsciousness, coma and death become inevitable in extreme cases. Therefore, if you notice any or all of the aforementioned symptoms, it is highly recommended that you get the condition diagnosed and treated at the earliest.
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