During pregnancy, placenta provides nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus by attaching itself to the uterine wall, in the early stage of pregnancy till complete growth within the womb and delivery of the baby. But, there occur various problems with the placental attachment at certain times that may become severely complicated for both baby and the mother.
One of the problems associated with placental attachment, where placental begins to detach partially or fully from the inner uterine wall before delivery is called as placental abruption. This deprives baby from the much needed nourishment that is crucial for his/her survival and fills blood inside the mother’s body. The symptoms of placental abruption include abnormalities with fetal rate, vaginal bleeding and tenderness of the uterus usually in third trimester of the pregnancy.
Though, it is uncommon to happen but if it occurs, it is a serious concern as risks lives of both mother and the baby. This may lead to pre term delivery or due to deprivation of nutrients might give rise to a stillborn child. Placental abruption can be treated based on the kind of abruption that has occurred and the extent of its seriousness, depending on the stage of pregnancy.
Ways To Treat Placental Abruption
Vital Treatment Options For Placental Abruption
The doctor will first check for the placental abruption by monitoring fetal heart beats, analyzing the symptoms, performing a blood test and an ultrasound to confirm the exact nature of the problem.
Based on the analysis and results, the doctor will know whether it is a partial or complete placental abruption.
For Partial Placental Abruption
For partial placental abruption, intravenous fluids can be administered through a vein of the arm to replace the lost fluids. Additionally, blood transfusions can also be performed to restore the lost supply of blood that is crucial for safety of mother and fetus both. Simultaneously, fetus and mother will be monitored for signs of abnormal heart rates, distress or shock.
In mothers with partial abruption, bed rest is recommended till the pregnancy reaches to its mature stage of 37 weeks. Bed rest will limit the activities that help to prevent any further tearing off of the placenta from the womb. Baby’s progress will also be closely monitored by analyzing the fetal heart tones with help of a Doppler test that amplifies the heart tones making it audible.
Complete Placental Abruption
In case, a mother has undergone a complete placental abruption then doctor will recommend for an early delivery. Since, the nourishment in form of nutrients and oxygen has been stopped to the baby, it is best for the baby to be born and fulfil all the crucial needs outside the mother’s body.
The form of delivery that can be manifested depends on the baby’s heart tones pattern. In case, foetal heart tones follow a regular and rhythmic pattern as desired and baby is full term, a vaginal delivery can be performed. But, if heart tones are not reassuring or mother has undergone extensive loss of blood, emergency.
Caesarean Delivery Will Be Conducted
Women should avoid drinking alcohol, smoking and using any drugs during pregnancy. They should undergo proper prenatal care and must treat conditions of high blood pressure and gestation diabetes on priority basis. These are the certain factors that increase the risk for placental abruption in pregnant women.
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