Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidium. Due to this, it is also called venereal syphilis.
The disease transmitted from an infected mother to the unborn child is known as congenital syphilis. As per a latest survey, on an average around 1o million people suffer from this infection every year.
The signs of this infection are same in men and women, but recognizing those can be very difficult at times. It is because the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases are similar to a large extent.
Symptoms of syphilis may take around 3 months to appear in the infected person. Mainly, the primary and secondary stages of this disease are considered to be very infectious. Here are some of the major symptoms of syphilis in the different stages of the disease:
Symptoms of Primary Stage of Syphilis
Painless ulcers which are also known as chancres appear at the place from where bacteria enters the body. It generally appears after 21 days of sexual contact with the infected person. Chancers generally appear on the vulva or on the cervix in women and on the penis in men.
It may also appear at the anus and mouth of both the sexes. On an average, these ulcers are cured with in 2-6 weeks however, if it’s not treated properly, the disease enters in to the secondary stage.
Symptoms of Secondary stage of Syphilis
If the infection is not cured in the primary stage, then the symptoms of the secondary stage of the disease appear with in 3-6 weeks from the appearance of the ulcers.
Tiredness and Loss of Appetite
The person suffering from this infection experiences tiredness and loss of appetite. Apart from this, the person also suffers from swollen glands which can be there for a few weeks or even stretch to a few months.
A non-itchy rash may appear in patches or cover the complete body.
Warts on Vulva and Anus
Women suffering from this infection may have wart like growths on the vulva and men and women both can have similar warts on anus.
Patches on Tongue and Patchy Hair Loss
There may be white patches on roof of the mouth as well as the tongue of the sufferer. Apart from this, the person suffering from this infection can also experience patchy hair loss.
The secondary stage is the most infectious and there are maximum chances of sexual transmission of the disease to one’s partner. Taking proper medication during the first two stages of the disease can completely cure the infection so, one must not ignore the initial stages of syphilis.
Symptoms of Tertiary and Latent Stages of Syphilis
The disease enters in to the third stage if it’s not cured in the initial two stages. The symptoms of the primary and secondary stages may not be seen at this stage, but the diagnosis of the disease can be done with the help of a blood test.
Affect Heart and Nervous System
The tertiary stage of syphilis appears after 10 years. It is very serious as this stage can even affect the heart as well as the nervous system of the body of the patient.
Proper treatment can even cure the latent stage of syphilis, but damage caused to the heart and nervous system of the body may prove to be dangerous. So, one must consult a doctor at the first stage of the disease itself.