The underlying causes of anaemia can be many, but the most predominant causes are excessive destruction of red blood cells, a condition known as haemolysis, excessive blood loss from the body due to haemorrhage, and reduced red blood cells production (ineffective haematopoiesis). Anaemia can be divided into two types.
They are acute or chronic anaemia. If a person suffers from anaemia, it can cause several functionality disorders within the body of that person, because the haemoglobin in the red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to the cells, and if the haemoglobin count in the blood decreases, then oxygen will not be properly carried, which will lead to deformity in the functioning of various organs in human body.
Therefore it is very important to treat anaemia very quickly; otherwise it can worsen the condition very badly. Apart from consulting the doctor, you can also try some preventive measures and treatments at home to prevent this disorder. And to help you out, some of the treatments and preventive measures are noted in this article.
Acute anaemia v/s chronic anaemia
Basically anaemia is of two types. They are acute anaemia and chronic anaemia. Acute anaemia can occur suddenly, even if a person has never suffered from the deformity earlier. Acute anaemia occurs suddenly, and the symptoms are more distressing. While, chronic anaemia occurs from very long time. It persists within the patient for a very long time, but unlike acute anaemia, the symptoms of chronic anaemia can be observed slowly and gradually.
Treatments of anaemia-
Treatments of anaemia involve three basic steps: taking care at home, medicines, and surgery. While it is very important to consult a doctor, but it is also important to avoid some things the doctor will ask you to, and apart from that it is also very important to eat nutritious diet at home to accentuate blood production in the body. So here’s a list of the things to do for the treatment of anaemia.
A. Care at home-
Taking care of anaemic patient at home is very important. This is because, it is a long term disease, and if you don’t maintain yourself, the disease will worsen, and will lead to several other complexities. And some of the guidelines, which you can follow at home, are-
1. Maintaining medication-
Doctors prescribe medicines to treat anaemia, and it is very important to continue them as prescribed by the doctor. For example in chronic anaemia, doctors prescribe medicines for a long period of time, and you should not discontinue the medicine in any circumstances, unless it is advised by the doctor.
2. Nutritious diet-
An incomplete diet may lead to anaemia. For example anaemia may occur due to the deficiencies of iron, vitamins, minerals, and apart from this, Vitamin B12 and folate is very important for the production of haemoglobin. For this, you should eat foods like green vegetables, milk, spinach, fruits, nuts, egg, and meat.
Iron supplements are normally prescribed by doctors to combat anaemia, as iron is a key element for production of haemoglobin.
2. Vitamin B12-
Vitamin B12 supplement is prescribed by the doctor, when the normal eating habits of the patient is not very good. In case of pernicious anaemia, Vitamin B12 injections are given to the patient once in a month.
3. Epoetin alfa-
Epoetin alfa injection is given to patients with kidney problems. This injection increases red blood cells (RBCs) production in the blood.
There is no medical surgery for anaemia, but there are certain problems, which may lead to anaemia. For example, gastric ulcer or cancer of colon can lead to loss of blood, and therefore anaemia. So operating these problems can stop excessive blood loss, which will automatically stop anaemia.
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