Placenta previa is actually a pregnancy related complication in which the placenta starts growing in the bottommost part of the uterus and starts blocking the entire or a part of the cervix’s opening. Placenta is an organ which is responsible for nourishing the growing baby inside the womb.
Different Kinds of Placenta Previa
Placenta Previa can be classified into three different kinds
This is the condition when the placenta completely covers up the cervix’s opening.
This is the condition when the placenta covers up a part of the cervix.
In this condition, the placenta does not cover the cervix, but extends to its edge.
Symptoms of Placenta Previa
The primary symptom of this condition is vaginal bleeding after twenty weeks of your pregnancy. In normal pregnancy, the placenta attaches itself to the upper part of the womb which is a lot stronger and muscular and thus, suitable for supporting the placenta. However, when suffering from placenta previa, the placenta attached to the bottom part which is thinner and weaker. Due to this, when the cervix starts thinning to prepare for labor, this area brings to break, leading to bleeding. Common complications related to the condition include hemorrhaging, placenta abruption, anemia, and pre-term labor.
Treatment of Placenta Previa
Placenta previa often corrects itself during the course of the pregnancy. In almost 90 percent cases, if a woman is diagnosed with placenta previa during the second trimester, the condition is corrected on its own by the time the pregnancy ends. The placenta actually does not move but the uterus stretches and the placenta does not remain as close to cervical opening as earlier.
However, if the condition is not corrected on its own, there are various things that you can do to treat it. The condition usually requires complete bed-rest as well as frequents visit to the hospital. Vaginal examinations are usually not recommended for women suffering from the problem of placenta previa. Many women are given steroidal shots to make the baby’s lungs mature as there is a risk of early delivery.
Treatment for the condition varies greatly depending on the current phase of the pregnancy, and whether you have a marginal, partial or complete placenta previa. In case you begin to bleed or experience contractions, you will need to be hospitalized immediately. The doctor will need to constantly monitor the heart rate of the baby, along with your vital signs as well. In case the bleeding impedes, you might be sent home with the advice of a complete bed rest. In case the doctors are unable to control the bleeding, immediate cesarean section is done irrespective of the length of the gestation.
Possible Complications after Delivery
Since the risk of hemorrhage is a lot higher in case of women suffering from placenta prervia, would-be mothers need to be monitored consistently for possible signs of hemorrhage. Some women are given medicines for controlling the bleeding like pitocin; sometimes transfusion is considered necessary. In many cases, the baby or the mother suffers from anemia. Thus, the hemoglobin levels need to be monitored. In case it is low, iron supplements are given to the pregnant woman.