In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, airways get obstructed due to chronic bronchitis and emphysema. If you are having chronic bronchitis, your mucous glands will grow larger.
The airflow will become limited due to thickening of bronchial walls and inflammation of airways. When the air spaces of your lungs become abnormally enlarged then this condition is called emphysema.
Causes of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
If you smoke cigarettes then you should stop this habit otherwise your condition can become even worse. Smoking tobacco infects your respiratory system due to which your lungs may not be able to perform their functions properly. You may also experience forced expiratory volume.
If you are using solid fuel for preparing your food then stop using it as it leads to air pollution inside your house and you may become susceptible to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Airway hyperresponsiveness occurs when your airways respond in an abnormal way to air pollution or smoke. Due to this condition, you may develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
You may experience a productive cough, breathlessness, wheezing, discoloration of your skin, anorexia, weight loss. If you observe any of these symptoms then you should contact your health care provider as fast as possible. He or she may ask you to undergo various tests to confirm whether you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or not.
You should frankly speak about your problems and habits with your health care provider as only then he or she will be able to decide the best treatment for you. You may be required to undergo chest x ray or high resolution computerized tomography scan. These tests are highly effective in detecting emphysema. Your health care provider may also ask you to undergo an arterial blood gas test. This test is done to check whether your lungs are functioning properly or not.
Treatment for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Your health care provider will suggest a suitable treatment for you after carefully examining your condition and analyzing your test results. If you want to find out more about your disease then ask your health care provider. He or she will educate you about this disease and on how to make sustainable lifestyle changes. You should give full cooperation to your health care provider.
If you want to seriously improve your condition then you need to stop smoking cigarettes. As soon as you quit smoking, you will see a significant improvement in your condition. Many people find it hard to quit smoking for various reasons such as addiction to nicotine, depression, and other psychological problems. But you have to try your best to quit smoking. You can join pulmonary rehabilitation program which is specially designed for people like you. The rehabilitation program will help you to improve your life.
The purpose of the treatment is to prevent secondary medical complications, decrease respiratory symptoms and lessen airflow limitation. You need to be admitted to a hospital if you experience serious respiratory problems or if your condition gets worse instead of better. Your health care provider may admit you to an intensive care unit if you show symptoms like respiratory muscle fatigue, respiratory acidosis or lethargy.