Pregnancy places a lot of emotional and psychological strain on the expecting mother. With rapid physical and hormonal changes taking place in the body in a very short period of time, to feel anxious and restless is common during pregnancy.
However, if you have been receiving an excess dose of advice and tips from every single person you meet, you might have concluded that pregnancy is one of the scariest experiences you are ever going to go through.
Educating yourself with important and “fact based” information about pregnancy is crucial. It is highly imperative for you to understand how your body reacts and functions during these crucial stages. Looking out for signs and symptoms that require immediate attention is mandatory.
What is Placental Abruption?
Placental abruption is one of the possible complications a woman can develop during pregnancy. The placenta acts as a nourishing agent in your uterus, giving the growing fetus the crucial nutrients it requires. It passes oxygen to the fetus and is responsible for sustaining the fetus’s growth and development. Any deformity or damage to the placenta can have disastrous consequences on the growing fetus’s health and well-being.
Placental abruption occurs when the placenta disrupts or gets detached from the uterus during pregnancy. In some cases, this abruption could lead to complete displacement of the placenta. In other cases, the placenta might just peel away partially from the uterine walls. Irrespective of the nature of abruption, this condition requires serious and immediate medical attention. Placental abruption commonly occurs during the second or third trimester when the growing fetus relies heavily on the placenta for fulfilling its daily needs and requirements.
Signs of Placental Abruption
Although bleeding is completely absent during pregnancy, a sudden and excess vaginal bleeding after the first trimester should never be ignored. Vaginal bleeding is one of the most common signs of placental abruption, making the condition extremely easy to diagnose and treat when you receive immediate medical treatment. However, in some cases, placental abruption might occur without vaginal bleeding.
Therefore, it is mandatory for you to look out for other signs that could be related to placental abruption, like:
Sudden and excruciating back pain, Sudden and rapid contractions of the uterine tract, Uterine tenderness, and Increased abdominal pain.
If you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms, book an appointment with your doctor immediately and get the condition diagnosed.
Who are Susceptible?
The possible risk factors that could trigger or aggravate placental abruption are:
A high blood pressure is always a cause of concern irrespective of whether you are pregnant or not.
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Any type of injury or trauma in the abdominal region due to accidents can cause placental abruption.
Unhealthy practices like cigarette smoking or using drugs can cause placental abruption, endangering the life of the mother and the fetus.
Other factors include disorders related to blood clotting, a history of placental abruption, premature rupture of the amniotic sac, etc. The older you are, the more chances you have of developing this condition. Women above 35 years of age are particularly susceptible.
There is not specific treatment to reattach the placenta. If placental abruption has been discovered, you might be asked to take bed rest depending on the severity of the condition. If the condition were extremely severe, a caesarian operation would become necessary to remove the fetus immediately. If the condition were manageable, labor would be induced to accommodate a normal delivery.
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