With about 34 billion people diagnosed with AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome) and the number multiplying every year, it is very important to understand, the symptoms of HIV (acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus) that causes it.
While most people confuse that HIV is synonymous to AIDS, the reality is AIDS is fifth stage of HIV, first 4 of which are infection, window period, the seroconversion stage, the asymptomatic stage.
On contrary to many myths that are spread about this disease, major reasons of contracting HIV are unprotected sex, sex with an infected person, multiple partners for sex, using infected needles or to sum it up a person can get infected by HIV if infected semen, blood or vaginal secretions enters his/her body.
HIV Symptoms In Men
HIV can lie dormant for many years, giving no reason for the infected person to be alarmed. In fact many people are diagnosed with this deadly disease only when they have reached the stage when they have contracted AIDS. A little alert mind can help prolong life of infected person, even as science is still trying to find its cure.
Hiv Symptoms In Men Can Be Categorised As Follows
Mild fever that lasts for more than 2-4 weeks is one of the primary indicators that a person is contracted with HIV infection. Often mistaken with flu or other similar other ailments it should set alarm bells ringing if the person has had unprotected sex in recent past or any incident of blood transfusion has happened.
Unexplained Fatigue And Severe Headache
Unusual fatigue even if the person has no major change in routine work accompanied by frequent and severe headache is also symptom of being infected.
Rash And Swollen Glands
An infected person can develop rashes that are reddish in color over various body parts, which at times disappear with time leaving the person confused whether it was skin allergy or infection. Similarly, HIV infected person would develop glands or nodes that are don’t not pain or hurt, on various parts of body namely armpits, neck, groin etc.
Diarrhoea And Weight loss
Longer spells of diarrhoea accompanied with major weight loss is another major symptoms of HIV.
HIV Symptoms In Women
Ever since this virus has been discovered over 25 yrs ago, the count is increasing with every passing year. Statistics show that of every four people infected with HIV, one is woman. With women the situation is much worse because of late diagnosis and delayed treatment due to various reasons ranging from social stigma to depression to lack of financial aid.
The Symptoms of HIV In Women Are As Follows
Drastic Change In Menstrual Cycle
missing periods or having very erratic menstrual cycle could be one of the major symptoms of HIV infection. This often mistaken with pregnancy or hormonal problems.
According to experts women who contract HIV infections are more prone to rashes than men.
Weakening Of Bones
Research has shown that women infected with HIV have more instances of weakening of bones than women who are not. Also, HIV infected women experience several bouts of vaginal yeast infections and yeast infections in body parts like throat, in much advance stages of HIV.
Saddest part is all these symptoms can be confused with other ailments and allergies, leaving a person delaying the treatment for HIV. If the person shows any of these symptoms after having unprotected sex or blood transfusion or anything that involved exchanging needles, it would be wise to be get checked for HIV.