Foot corns also known as heloma is a foot problem that causes a lot of discomfort or pain to the person suffering from it. It refers to the thickened part of the skin on the foot and usually occurs as a result of excessive pressure exerted on a particular part of the foot. Corns on foot usually have a circular or conical shape and can be extremely painful.
The most common areas of the foot where you can see corns are the sole of the feet, between the toes and the outer part of the small toe which tends to rub against the shoe while walking.
Causes of Corns on Foot
Corns or calluses on the foot are caused due to pressure or friction exerted on the foot. Skin thickening also known as hyperkeratosis is the skin’s natural defense against the damage caused by exertion of excessive pressure or friction on the foot. One of the main causes of foot corns is ill fitting footwear. Tight fitting shoes and sandals that rub against the skin or cause extreme pressure can result in the thickening of the skin on the ball of the feet and between the toes. In addition to this hammertoes and bunions can cause foot friction while wearing shoes and thus lead to the appearance of foot corns. Abnormal gait or wearing open shoes without socks or with ill fitting socks that irritate the skin can also cause corns on the foot. These corns are either hard or soft. While hard corns usually appear on the toes and the balls of the foot, soft corns can be seen between the toes. In majority of the cases foot corns are not painful. However when the surrounding nerves are infected or pressure is exerted on the corns then it can cause certain amount of discomfort and pain. Removing corns whether by medical intervention or through natural techniques is the best way of getting rid of the pain caused by corns on the feet.
Ways of Treating Corns on Foot
Using Medicated Products for Corn Treatment
There are a number of over the counter medications and products that help in foot corn removal. From plaster, silicon or medicated pads to moleskins, there are a range of foot corn removal products that you can use to get rid of the problem. Cushioned insoles and other foam pads with holes help in dispersing the pressure on the corn and allow it to recover faster. In addition to padded products there are a number of creams, lotions and ointments that can be used to treat corns. These products often contain salicylic acid that helps in dissolving the dead skin protein and allows the skin to peel away. They can be directly applied on the affected are for faster healing of the corns. Diabetics should stay away from such acid formulations as it can only aggravate the problem. If the corns are infected or extremely painful then it is essential to consult a podiatrist. If there is a lot of pain along with swelling and pus drainage, then it is a sign of infection. The doctor may recommend antibiotics to reduce the infection caused by corns or opt for a minor foot corn surgery for removal and treatment of recurrent corns.
Use Foot Soaks for Corn Removal
To cure foot corns you can make a foot soak by dissolving a teaspoon of Epsom salts with water. Soak your feet in this solution for around twenty minutes. This will help in softening the skin and allow you to scrub away the dead cells and the hardened skin using a pumice stone. Do not rub too hard or you can end up damaging your skin. Finish up by massaging your foot with moisturizing aloe vera and leave it on overnight. With regular use, this treatment can help in removing corns instantly. You can also add chamomile tea to this foot soak for the best results.
Papaya Juice for Corn Removal
Applying papaya juice to the affected area is one of the best natural remedies for foot corns. You can also attach a slice of papaya or lemon to the affected part and leave it on overnight. This helps in getting rid of the pain and also promotes faster healing. Green fig juice is also believed to be a great home remedy for corns.
Make Healing Pastes for Treating Corns
Crush some aspirins and mix it with water to make a paste. Apply the aspirin paste directly over the foot corn. Secure with a cotton ball and a plaster leave it on overnight. Aspirin contains salicylic acid that helps in peeling away the dead skin cells and helps in quick removal of corns on foot. Alternately, mix baking soda with water and lime to make healing paste that is quite effective in hard corn removal. Make sure that you do not use the baking soda paste on soft corns as it can lead to the area becoming infected. Mustard oil mixed with some ground licorice can be used on the affected area to get rid of the problem. Mix brewer’s yeast with water or make a thick paste with powdered chalk and water and apply it to the affected area. Keep repeating this remedy till the corn heals. Applying castor oil, olive oil or vinegar to the corns helps in softening and removal of the hardened tissues. Apart from these remedies, it is important to prevent foot corns by investing in good, well fitting shoes and sandals. While tight fitting shoes might look fashionable they can cause ugly foot corns and result in pain. Wear shoes which are comfortable and provide room for your toes instead of constricting them. Stick to flats and open shoes when suffering from corns and try to keep your feet clean. In certain cases, foot corns are caused by foot abnormalities or even poor circulation. In that case it is best to consult a doctor or a podiatrist as soon as possible and seek medical treatment instead of opting for home remedies that can provide temporary relief only.