Bleeding during pregnancy is not very common and should not be taken lightly. Bleeding occurs in 10% of pregnant women especially in the first trimester. It is more common in women who are carrying twins and those who have a history of miscarriages.
The causes of vaginal bleeding are many. Rough sexual intercourse in the first trimester may cause injury to the cervix leading to bleeding. That is why women are advised to abstain from sex in the first trimester. Very rarely is bleeding severe enough to threaten a miscarriage. In such cases, it is advisable to see a doctor right away.
Abruptions in the placenta may also cause bleeding. Some women experience implantation bleeding during the early weeks of the pregnancy especially when the foetus is getting implanted into the womb. An ectopic pregnancy may lead to heavy bleeding and pain.
What You can Do?
In order to prevent the occurrence of a miscarriage, women are advised to take as much rest as possible. Women who have undergone a threatened miscarriage are advised to take bed rest. Sometimes indulging in a vigorous sport may also lead to bleeding.
In order to have a perfectly healthy pregnancy it is important to ban smoking from the diet. Smoking can have dangerous effects on maternal health and the growth of the foetus. Women who smoke are also more prone to miscarriages. So make sure that you completely abstain from active and passive smoking.
Eat a Nutritious Diet
A well balanced diet will pave the way for a healthy pregnancy and a well nourished foetus. Take special care to eat a lot of fruits vegetables and proteins during the first trimester when the risk of miscarriage is the highest.
Prenatal Check Ups
All women are advised to undergo prenatal checkups, which can quickly spot and assess any signs of abnormal vaginal bleeding. Remedial actions can therefore be taken.
For example, women who are carrying twins are more prone to an incompetent cervix. This may cause them to bleed and miscarry. Regular monitoring of this condition can prevent a mishap.
Reasons For Spotting During Pregnancy
Understanding And Preventing The Common Pregnancy Complications
How Common Is Periods Pain During Pregnancy
Four Common Complications During Pregnancy
How To Identify Signs Of Incomplete Miscarriage
There is a reason why doctors ask women to take prenatal vitamins long before the baby is conceived. Folic acid and multi vitamins improve the chances of having a healthy pregnancy and also prevent birth defects in the baby. Foetal abnormalities are less common in women who consume vitamins. These abnormalities might predispose a woman to miscarry.
In cases of Mild Bleeding
If you are experiencing mild bleeding, notify your doctor right away. Spotting can be tackled by using pads and avoiding sexual intercourse. If there is no medical reason for the bleeding, the doctor may just advise some bed rest. You will also be asked to take a lot of fluids and water. Medication and hormonal supplementation may be given as deemed fit.
Treatment of Infections
Certain infections of the vagina and uterus like PID may cause bleeding. This is often caused by a bacterial infection. Make sure you are treated right away.
Bleeding during the later stages may necessitate the need to administer steroids in order to the mature the baby’s lungs. An emergency c-section may thereafter be carried out.