When a woman gets pregnant, she is exultant about the life developing inside her. She is cheerful about the prospect of the coming baby who would change her life forever. Her world is filled with joy and she cannot stop beaming about the bliss that has been bestowed on her in the form of a child.
But at the same time, she cannot avoid the bouts of fear that flash through her mind. Many apprehensions and fears cloud the thoughts of a pregnant woman, taking away her peace of mind. One such fear is the fear of a premature delivery that constantly worries a pregnant woman.
Any woman would freak out at the thought of an untimely delivery. The anxiety and fear of a premature delivery degrades the situation when a woman is about to deliver a premature baby which can lead to further catastrophes.
Labor before the completion of 37 weeks is termed as Premature Delivery. Premature delivery can be identified well in the beginning by paying attention to the signs and symptoms of it. An early awareness of this condition helps in reducing the risks and complications associated with premature deliveries and even avoiding the situation to arise.
Premature births can have serious implications for the health of the baby. Hence as responsible mothers, it is of utmost importance to take the necessary precautions to avoid this condition from arising and look for warning signals so that immediate measures can be taken to prevent any complications. This article suggests ways and measures which can be adopted to prevent premature births.
Identifying The Symptoms
Lack of proper knowledge about the signs of premature delivery and about the symptoms to watch out for, is one of the major reasons for this complication. Usually first time mothers have insufficient or no knowledge about the precautions to be taken and the symptoms of premature deliveries.
This leads to delay in seeking medical consultation problem causing premature births and even miscarriages. Pain in the lower part of the abdomen accompanied by discharge of brown or fresh vaginal blood is the foremost symptom of premature delivery. Changes in vaginal discharge can also be noticed.
As in a normal delivery, contractions can be felt which, at first, occur at longer gaps but eventually start occurring at frequent intervals of 8-10 minutes. Pressure is felt in the pelvic region. These symptoms are a confirmed indication of preterm labor and should not be taken lightly. If timely medical consultation is taken, preterm labor can be avoided using medications.
Keep An Empty Bladder
While having contractions, it is important to relax and ease the pressure. Try to relax and calm down. If you are feeling stressed, it might be possible that you hold your urge to urinate. This could aggravate the discomfort in the uterus and cause more contractions. Empty your bladder as a full bladder tends to exert more pressure on the uterus.
Before leaving for the hospital, empty your bladder. It will help you in relaxing. It is important to think sensibly at this point of time instead of getting panicky. Emptying the uterus will relieve the excess pressure on the uterus and you will be able to hold the contractions for at least as long as you reach the hospital.
Lie Down While Having Contractions
When contractions to a preterm labor begin, it is natural to get hysterical and agitated. But you must understand that panicking will worsen the condition and may lead to a mishap. Stay calm and call for help. In the meantime, until the help arrives, lie down to rest yourself.
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Lie on your left side as it will stimulate proper blood flow to the foetus. Chances are that the baby in the womb might be suffering from lack of blood supply and your agitations will only make the conditions difficult for the life inside you. Avoid lying on your back as it can increase contractions and can also be harmful for the child.
It is advisable to leave your doors open so that someone can come in because once contractions increase, you may not be able to get up from the bed. In such cases, once you are taken to the hospital, it is likely that you will be advised bed rest in order to delay the delivery for as long as possible and for as long as is required to ensure minimal risk to the health of the child.
Keep Yourself Hydrated
Dehydration can prove adverse for you and your baby as it can lead to muscle spasms and increased contractions. Keep a jug of water besides you and drink few glasses of water frequently. This will help in reducing the contractions to a great extent.
Time Your Contractions
Keep a stopwatch next to you and check the frequency of contractions. Your obstetrician will need this information to ascertain how much you have progressed in the process of preterm labor. Relaxation techniques like deep breathing can help you slow down the occurrence of contractions and give you more time to delay the labor. If you cooperate, your doctor might be able to delay premature delivery.
If you have been sensible and have handled the situation well by following the above said measures, once you reach the hospital, your obstetrician will be able to prolong preterm labor with medications. Generally, magnesium sulphate in administered intravenously to stop premature delivery.
Terbutaline is given to put an end to uterine contractions. Your doctor will be able to give you medications to ease the symptoms of preterm labor and normalize the situation. Once you are discharged from the hospital, it is necessary that you take rest and a good diet to prevent further complications.
Being informed and aware can save you and your baby for a number of risks that pregnancy entails. The safety of your baby is your responsibility and your sincere efforts can prevent any mishaps from occurring. Take care of yourself and eat a nutritious diet. In case of emergencies, don’t panic. Try to act rationally because your every single move decides the survival of your baby.