Whether you are a professional gardener or just a garden lover; you have to plan your garden properly before actually beginning to plant. There are several things that include in gardening such as the purpose behind creating a garden, selection of garden area, choice of plants, determination of planting season, etc.
You should have complete garden plan on paper before starting to establish the garden. This can be beneficial in avoiding failure.
Essentials for Garden Planning:
The primary step of garden planning is a collection of the necessary information from various sources. Surf the internet to find out different garden styles and designs. Seek the knowledge about which plants to grow in which season, what kind of soil they need, etc. Explore online for the nurseries and garden stores; that can provide you plant seedlings, soil, fertilizers and insecticides.
If any of your friends are in the same business, discuss all the issues with them. Get a catalogue from garden nursery to choose plants for your garden. There are various types of garden such as backyard, indoor, raised bed, square-foot, kitchen, container etc. While planning a garden, try to get acquainted with all these types and finalize one as per your requirements and availabilities.
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How to Plan a Garden
Selection of Location
Soil, water and light are the fundamental needs of a plant. Therefore, choose a location for plants where the direct sunlight falls. Make sure that plants receive 6-8 hours of direct sun everyday. Some plants are shade-loving. Set these plants in the shady region to allow them grow well. Select the area where you can supply water to the plants easily without inconvenience. The location should not be too far from the water resources. Avoid the areas which are subject to frequent flooding.
Measure the garden area. Pick out the plants that can successfully accommodate in the available area and suit the soil type. If you have larger area, you can select the trees that grow large and wide. For the smaller areas, it is recommended to choose small plants and shrubs. You can grow various vegetables, flowers, herbs and fruits in your garden in different seasons. The type and variety of chosen plants for your area can be same or different.
Preparation of Soil
The soil should have enough moisture retaining capacity. Some plants perform well in dry soil, so provide less water to them. You also have to balance the acidic or alkaline properties of soil as per plants’ demand. Before planting the new seedlings, it is essential to remove the leftover weeds from the soil. While preparing the soil, add good plant food and fertilizers to it.
Before planting the seeds or seedlings in your garden, you should have the complete idea about garden layout. The tall growing plants like sunflower, palm tree, etc. should be planted at the northern part. Plants with decreasing heights should be planted successively towards the southern end. Trellises can be placed with the support of wall or fence. Keep in mind that crop rotation is very essential.
To become a successful gardener, appropriate garden planning and its execution is very important. The above given ideas can assist you to plan your garden.