With thyroid glands being called the “master of all glands” in the body, any disorder in these glands can throw life completely out of gear. Thyroid diseases do not manifest themselves very easily, therefore, the symptoms are often masked with other diseases or appear very mild for the affected person to notice. This unwanted delay in treatment could prove disastrous.
There are several reasons for one developing thyroid diseases. Genetics plays a crucial role. If you have a family history of thyroid diseases, you must be extra careful and look out for symptoms that could help diagnose the disease at an earlier stage.
Other Factors that Cause Thyroid Diseases Include
Autoimmune diseases that affect the health and functioning of the thyroid gland, smoking, unhealthy diet, excess consumption of soy products or cruciferous vegetables, smoking, surgical removal of part of a gland and age. Women in particular are easily susceptible to thyroid diseases when compared to men.
Listed below are three common types of thyroid diseases and their respective symptoms:
This is a very familiar type of thyroid disease. Here, the thyroid gland is not able to produce sufficient amounts of thyroid hormones. Since many enzymatic reactions are dependent on thyroid hormones, an under production leads to several metabolic changes in the body.
The most easily observable symptoms are fatigue and lethargy due to decreased metabolic functioning in the body. The affected person might also experience a sudden weight gain, which occurs due to excess accumulation of water in the body leading to edema. Blurred vision, an enlargement in the neck region, mental confusion, inability to think or comprehend clearly, etc. are some of the other symptoms.
As the name suggests, in this case, the person’s thyroid gland is hyperactive leading to excess secretion of thyroid hormones. This automatically means the body is undergoing a flurry of metabolic activities it should not be undergoing.
The possibility of a lump forming in one or both thyroid glands could lead to a disease condition called “thyroid cancer”.
Although not easy to detect initially, the presence of a lump can be easily felt when the disease progresses. Difficulty in swallowing food is another indication that something is not right around the throat region. If this is accompanied with a sudden change in the voice tone, immediate attention needs to be paid to the developing condition.
Other Common Symptoms of Thyroid Diseases Include
In case of hypothyroidism, the cholesterol levels shoot up drastically even if the person did not have any such problems prior to the disease condition. In case of hyperthyroidism, the cholesterol levels drop down drastically.
Hair and Skin Changes
Brittle hair that appears dry, dead and/or fuzzy in nature could be symptoms of thyroid imbalances in the body.
If you have a family history or notice any of these symptoms on a prolonged basis, immediately consult your doctor and get the condition diagnosed.