Acne keloids are raised, lumpy or ridged scars that occur over the site of acne. These scars are pink, red or flesh colored. They can be itchy and quite painful. Keloids are basically scars that are left behind after an injury or wound has healed.
Acne keloids can develop on any part of the body but they are more common on the shoulders, back, chest and the earlobes. In majority of the cases keloids are not dangerous. However, in certain cases there might be certain discomfort and tenderness around the keloids.
In cases where the keloids come into contact with clothes there might be slight irritation. If the keloids are exposed to the sun, it can turn dark and pigmented. Acne keloids do not need any specific treatment. If a person wants to cure acne keloids then he or she can opt for certain surgical and cosmetic surgical options. Here are some ways to get rid of acne keloids
Ways To Treat Acne Keloids
Your dermatologist may prescribe certain medicated creams including corticosteroids and retinoids to reduce the inflammation of the acne keloids. These topical medications are more effective on mild acne keloids. Once the keloids start to crust or there is some drainage from the area, use topical antibiotics to speed up the healing process. To prevent potential infections the doctor can also prescribe certain oral antibiotics along with the medicated creams.
Cortisone injections have been proved to be a potent and effective way of curing acne keloids. The cortisone is directly injected into the papules to flatten them. This method is fairly safe as the steroid that is injected into the keloids is very less. Moreover these injections are not very painful. The only problem with this method is that it might leave some marks as the injection might make the area around the flattened keloids redder due to formation of certain blood cells.
Laser therapy works on the pustules by sending pulsed dye laser signals that break up the scar tissue and reduce the size of the keloids to a great extent. The keloids are flattened and there is little redness in the affected area. This treatment is extremely costly and you might have to undergo several laser therapy sessions to achieve visible results.
In certain cases the doctor may suggest cryotherapy in which liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the pustules for some time. This leads to the bumps dying and falling off. Unfortunately cryotherapy can be extremely painful and the subsequent drainage is also a lot more. Moreover this treatment measure tends to leave behind a pigmented scar due to the destruction of melanocytes in the skin.
Apart from these treatment options to cure acne keloids, a doctor can also suggest surgical excision of the pustule or use radiation to cure the keloids. In certain cases injections of interferon or fluorouracil, a chemotherapy agent is used to flatten the keloids. It is important to note that most of these treatment measures can have certain side effects. Consult your doctor and understand the method along with the side effects before undergoing any treatment