When a woman becomes pregnant, she is plagued with numerous concerns about pregnancy and the safety of the little life growing inside her. Usually first-time mothers are unaware of what to expect during the course of the pregnancy and panic at the slightest doubt of an unexpected symptom.
One such concern is abdominal pain, which is quite similar to menstrual cramps, during early pregnancy. Abdominal pain is a common phenomenon, especially during the first trimester. Nonetheless, expectant mothers should be vigilant about this condition and must be able to identify normal abdominal pains from other pains which may be indicating the presence of a complication. Below are certain symptoms and reasons of abdominal pain during pregnancy which causes cramps similar to menstrual cramps. These reasons will help a mother-to-be in identifying the cause of abdominal pain and take necessary precaution to safeguard the health of her child in the womb.
Cramps during Fertilization
Abdominal cramps may be felt by a woman during the time of implantation of the eggs in the body. When the eggs fertilize, they move towards the uterus. The embryo then gets implanted in the uterus lining triggering the process of pregnancy. Usually this phenomenon occurs at a time the woman is unaware of her pregnancy. Hence, at this time any distress or discomfort is usually ignored or taken lightly and blamed on indigestion.
Cramps during Stretching
Once the embryo has been implanted, the uterus expands itself to prepare for the pregnancy. This involves stretching of the muscles to make space to accommodate the developing embryo in the womb. Stretching of the uterus can result in abdominal cramps and discomfort. However, the pains during this time are usually mild and tolerable. The status of being pregnant is confirmed at this stage and if the expectant mother experiences severe abdominal pain, it is advisable to seek medical guidance.
Some pregnant women experience slight bleeding during the first trimester. Mild spotting is common and causes bearable pain in the abdomen area. Nevertheless, if there is continuous bleeding and the pain aggravates, the gynaecologist concerned should be immediately consulted to prevent miscarriage.
Formation of Cysts
At times, cysts form at the site where the eggs are released and obstruct the release of progesterone till the time the embryo gets implanted in the womb. This cyst is termed as ‘corpus luteum’ and is quite painful and distressing.
Many expectant mothers develop urinary and/or vaginal infections during pregnancy. Such infections lead to fever accompanied by chills, nausea and vomiting and cause burning in the vaginal region. Urinary or vaginal infections must be treated with antibiotics.
Though experiencing mild cramping and pains during pregnancy is a result of the above said reasons, nonetheless, it is wise to consult a medical practitioner if abdominal pains are experienced. Severe cramping and pain may indicate a complication including miscarriage or preterm labour. Such signs should not be ignored or taken lightly. Being aware of the causes and symptoms of various concerns during pregnancy makes you better equipped to handle contingencies and avoid any harm to you and your child’s health.