It is not always necessary that high blood pressure and pregnancy are a dangerous combination. The pregnant woman needs to remember certain things to avoid any complication due to increase in blood pressure.
The high blood pressure that is developed either prior to or after the conception would need specific attention. This article discusses about the knowledge to be possessed by the people regarding the relationship between the blood pressure and pregnancy.
Is Blood pressure a difficulty during pregnancy
There are several risks that might arise from high blood pressure during pregnancy. They are Blood flow to the placenta is reduced The reduced blood flow to the placenta will further reduces the oxygen and nutrient supply to the baby. This will reduce the growth of the baby which might enhance the risk of low weight of the baby born.
Abruption of Placenta
The placenta might get separated from the uterus at pre-matured stage itself. This condition might not allow the baby to get sufficient oxygen supply and might result in intensive bleeding in the mother.
Delivery Of the Baby Pre-maturely
To avoid complications that are life-threatening due to high blood pressure, early delivery is recommended sometimes.
Preeclampsia is the serious condition that is encountered by several women that represents the high blood pressure and presence of protein in the urine even after 20 weeks of pregnancy. The above condition might lead to greater risk of cardiovascular disease in the future even if the blood pressure reaches normal levels after the delivery.
Types Of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
It is observed that sometimes high blood pressure occurs prior to pregnancy. In most of the cases high blood pressure develops after the woman becomes pregnant. The types of hypertension during pregnancy are
If the pregnant woman develops high blood pressure before the beginning of pregnancy or during the pregnancy within 20 weeks of it and if the BP persists even 12 weeks after the delivery, then it is termed as chronic hypertension.
The high blood pressure that develops after about twenty weeks of pregnancy is usually termed as gestational hypertension. This condition might disappear after the delivery.
Preeclampsia might be the result of chronic hypertension or gestational hypertension. If Preeclampsia condition is not treated immediately, it might cause serious and deadly complications in the pregnant woman as well as in the baby.
What Is The Relevance Of Preeclampsia In This Context
The symptoms of Preeclampsia that might develop late or suddenly appear usually in the last few weeks of pregnancy include upper right abdominal pain, continued headaches, vision problems, light sensitivity and possible loss of vision, and weight gain suddenly about five pounds.
Some more warning signs of Preeclampsia include swelling of face and hands which might as well be the result of pregnancy. Preeclampsia can be resolved only by delivery of the baby.
Blood Pressure Alterations During Pregnancy
During the gestational period, the blood pressure keeps changing which is considered as a normal process. The hormone called progesterone will relax the blood vessels during pregnancy. This relaxation might allow the blood pressure to get reduced at the time of first trimester and second trimester. Lowering of blood pressure might make the pregnant woman to faint or not able to stand for long time or get up very quickly.
It is observed that the woman pregnant with 18 to 20 weeks will have lowest blood pressure. After 20 weeks, the pregnant woman would have generated extra blood for pumping in the body. The blood pressure will be back to the level that was existing before pregnancy during the last days of pregnancy and before the delivery.
Blood Pressure Status After The Delivery
If the blood pressure becomes higher after 20 weeks of pregnancy, it might come to normal state after the delivery of the baby. It might be few weeks, by the time blood pressure comes to normal. The blood pressure will be monitored at least once in 6 hours after the delivery. If the person had gestational hypertension, it is suggested that she has to get her blood pressure monitored once in four hours. If the blood pressure appears to be higher, then it is advised to take prescribed medication for few months after the delivery of the child.
If the woman had hypertension earlier, it is better to take a prescribed drug for controlling it after the delivery, as high blood pressure will not get easily reduced after the child birth. Blood pressure that is higher for long period is not a disease by itself, but can be controlled by taking appropriate medications.
If the high blood pressure persists for longer periods, the risk for heart related problems might become higher and strokes might result. Consulting the physician regarding this problem and taking care to control the blood pressure during and before the pregnancy can help to keep the mother and baby healthy after delivery.