Legally, a child between the ages of 13 to 17 is not considered an adult. The best time in a girl’s life is undoubtedly her teenage. However, many girls face experiences like teenage pregnancy. Premarital and teen sex is very harmful.
Premarital and teen sex is prone to spread STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) due to lack of awareness. Teens are not aware of the necessary protection measures and precautions. The teens are not physically as well as mentally prepared. Hence, the complications.
Health Problems Teens Face During Pregnancy
Teenage pregnancy is not only harmful for the girl but also the baby at this age. The teen body is fit to satisfy its own needs. However, when it comes to supporting a baby, it might face a number of problems. The teenagers are not prepared for a child physically, mentally and emotionally.
Disabilities After Giving Birth
In teenage pregnancy, the pressure and pain is relatively more. The teens may also face problems like dyslexia, infant death, unusual discharge from vagina, cerebral palsy, and hand or face swelling, hyperactivity disorder, eyesight changes or respiratory problems because of early pregnancy.
More Medical Care
At times, they are not able to gain enough weight required to give birth. Usually, the teen mothers have to stay for a longer time in hospitals than they would have otherwise, multiplying the medical care and expenses.
Use Of Alcohol And Cigarettes
The use of alcohol may add up to the above problems. Alcohols complicate pregnancy. Also, smoking cigarettes can be harmful. This is the reason why abortions and miscarriages are becoming common. No wonder, these problems will definitely affect their studies.
Teens are liable to face depression after they give birth to the baby. They feel sad and depresses, sometimes with no reason. This happens while they are pregnant or after they’ve given the birth. This problem can only be solved by emotional support of loved ones.
Health Problems Child Faces Due Teenage Pregnancy
Less Nutrient Supply
The mother’s body when not fully mature fails to satisfy the needs of the baby. The body is not mature or large enough to support a baby and provide it with all the necessary nutrients. The child born to teenage mothers might have low birth weight. Deficiency of nutrition does not allow the organs to get developed completely. Thus, the chances of physical and behavioral disabilities in the child increase during teenage pregnancy.
They can have health issues like respiratory distress syndrome, anemia or deficiency of iron in blood, bleeding in the brain, high blood pressure and even swelling. The insufficient nutrients in the child’s body can result in vision loss or intestinal difficulties.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
The sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like chlamydia can make the child visually impaired or even death a few years after the birth. In some cases, babies die before they’re one year old. Unaware of parenting skills, teen mothers are not able to take care of the sensitive baby in early years, the right way.
The girls born to teenage mothers have a higher probability of teenage pregnancy later in life. So, it is very important for every teenager to know about birth control and contraceptive measures. Some countries have taken the initiative to stop teenage pregnancy.
Sex education has proved to make a difference in many countries including USA. USA along with other developed countries is having the highest teen pregnancy rate. The renewed programs are shown to children that increase their awareness and prepare them for the challenges they might face.