During pregnancy, experiencing nausea and vomiting twice or thrice a day is quite normal and majority of women go through this morning sickness. A glass of water is enough to combat this electrolyte imbalance.
However, severe and relentless nausea and vomiting can lead a pregnant woman to dehydration. Sometimes severe morning sickness makes it difficult to rehydrate by drinking enough water. If you are experiencing such extreme pregnancy nausea, you must rush for medical help for getting relief.
Extreme pregnancy nausea, which is also termed as Hyperemesis gravidarum, is a condition that can pose risk to you and your unborn child. Very few women (1 out of 300) suffer from this kind of risk. It can interfere with the proper nutrition a woman needs during pregnancy.
Some medical experts believe that poor nutrition can cause problem in pregnancy, while others disagree. Keeping the nutrition qualitative and even is the most sensible step you can take to keep you and your baby safe during pregnancy. Make best effort to deal with extreme nausea and get good nutrition for the sake of good health for you and your baby.
Causes Of Extreme Nausea
What causes extreme pregnancy nausea is still unknown. According to some experts, women carrying twins are often vulnerable to extreme nausea because the level of pregnancy hormone produced by them is much higher than those with single pregnancy as hormones are believed to be the reason for morning sickness.
Heredity often determines the degree of morning sickness during pregnancy. If someone like your mother or sister in your family has experienced severe morning sickness, you may also suffer similar degree of vomiting and nausea during your pregnancy.
Gender is also believed to be a determining factor. Women carrying a girl child are more prone to severe nausea and vomiting. But this is just a myth. Study hasn’t confirmed it yet.
Other causes that have been pointed out for extreme morning sickness are hormonal changes, emotional factors like stress, swings in blood sugar levels and stretching of uterine muscles. Excessive vomiting and going without eating worsens the condition all the more, thus creating a vicious cycle.
Risk Associated With Extreme Pregnancy Nausea And Vomiting
The first and foremost risk associate with extreme nausea is dehydration. More she vomits more fluids loss disrupts body’s homeostasis and put her life in danger. Dehydration will not allow mother to get proper nutrition and fluid she needs. And as a result of severe dehydration, preterm labor and other pregnancy complication can arise. There can be lack of energy, low blood pressure and muscle cramps. The tongue and lips becomes dry, skin becomes tight and dry and she passes dark colored urine.
Tips For Minimizing Severe Nausea
There are measures you can take to prevent dehydration and other possible risks associated with severe nausea.
Get enough fluids. Small but frequent sips may help you sustain. Try to stay hydrated in the best possible way. This can be done either by taking fluids with meals or in between meals. If you can’t digest fruit juice, try fruits and vegetables that are high in water content.
Maintain the blood sugar level by eating 5-6 small meals that contain complex carbohydrates and high protein frequently. Eat before you feel hungry, otherwise dip in the blood sugar can increase acid production and worsen the nausea. Adding ginger to your food often helps to digest meals.
Drinking caffeinated beverages and carbonated drink should be completely avoided when you are experiencing severe nausea as they can cause bloating. Avoid the foods that trigger nausea and substitute them with an alternative so that your body can get enough nutrients.
If none of these works to lessen the impact of nausea and vomiting, seek medical help.