Hemorrhoid during pregnancy can be a common outcome in women. Hemorrhoid largely occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. Treatment of hemorrhoid largely relies upon treating its symptoms, as it is likely to provide relief. Due to the safety concern during pregnancy, too many medicines are essentially discouraged.
Interestingly, hemorrhoids can even resolve on their own post delivery without indulging into excessive medical intervention. The under-mentioned treatment procedures can help get relief in hemorrhoids and prevent themmfrom getting worse. The best possible way to prevent hemorrhoids is to prevent constipation during pregnancy.
Ways Of Treating Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
In treating hemorrhoids, ointments and suppositories containing local anesthetics (or mild astringents/steroids) may be used. Even though the safety of topical treatment during pregnancy is not fully established, the same can be implemented through medications having analgesics and anti-inflammatory effects. They can provide temporary relief from discomfort and bleeding, although they do not treat the underlying condition.
With small doses and restricted absorption, they may be used in pregnancy. Usually, a product can help in maintaining personal hygiene and relieve symptoms. But topical preparations are not likely to reduce bleeding. Stool softeners may also be implemented to ease bowel movement as too much pressure can cause hemorrhoids to worsen.
Usually, hemorrhoids symptoms are likely to get improved without indulging into medicines. However, some women may still need medication for dealing with acute hemorrhoids.
Botulinum toxin is used as injection for treating hemorrhoids but is contraindicated in pregnancy. Hidrosmine, disodium flavodate and Centella asiatica can be used for oral treatment.
If hemorrhoid does not improve with implementation of a conservative therapy, more forceful therapies may be implemented. Besides sclerotherapy and cryotherapy, surgery can be done to treat symptoms which do not improve even after a month of (conservative) therapy.
Due to the lack of reproductive safety data for a compound (commonly) used for hemorrhoids, it is a good idea to make favorable changes to living, including diet. Increasing fiber content in food is a potentially helpful component in treating hemorrhoids. You can also increase liquid intake and get yourself better trained in toilet habits (like not holding stool).
At Home Treatment
With persistent pain and discomfort, it can seem more than tempting to try some simple measures which may relieve hemorrhoids. Placing baking soda on the affected area can help reduce itching and witch hazel can reduce swelling/bleeding. Soaking in warm water with a tub with plain warm water can also relieve discomfort. Do this several times a day. You can also consider taking a warm water bath (with baking soda).
As far possible, keep strict anal hygiene. Use wipes which are free of alcohol and perfume instead of dry toilet paper. Medicated wipes can also be used for relieving hemorrhoids.
Do not sit for long periods and exercise regularly.
Generally, topical treatments accompanied with lifestyle changes are likely to help deal with hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids can get resolved spontaneously soon after delivery; but if the problem remains, you should essentially consult a doctor. Sometimes, only a surgical treatment may help deal with hemorrhoids and you should not sideline it if the same is recommended by your doctor.
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