Eating disorder is a disease condition that cause both emotional and physical damage. Eating disorders develops from an attempt to avoid or control stress and emotional issues and is characterized by obsession for controlling body weight and craving for food. The most crucial fact about eating disorders is that patients don’t even realize the association they have developed with emotional fulfillment and food. Hence, the key to treat eating disorder is to make the patients realize this. Eating disorders are more common in women than in men and it starts from adolescence and its effects are visible throughout the life. There are different types of eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia and binge eating disorder and psychotherapy remains the core of all eating disorders treatment. Since, eating disorders affects the normal functioning of the body, especially that of kidneys, heart and liver, it may even leads to the death of the patient.
Initiate treatment as early as possible for better recovery from the physical as well as mental consequences. As, eating disorders affects a person’s spirit, mind and body, the treatment for each patient would be highly customized based on the comprehensive examination of the person. A good quality eating disorder program includes nutrition education, medical therapy, group, family and individual therapy and other treatments tailored to meet the specific needs of the patient.
Treatment for Eating Disorders
Psychiatrist checks the mental health of the patients, like anxiety, depression, stress etc. as well as the accompanied eating disorders. Psychiatrist then provides an insight to the patients about this association of food and emotions and helps them to control this with the help of mental exercises and medications. Apart from treating the symptoms of mental and emotional issues, psychiatrist also helps the patients to maintain their weight and regain their self-esteem and self-respect.
Nutrition therapy is counseling as well as educative program delivered by a registered dietician to regularize the food consumption behavior and to develop a healthy eating habit. The dietician assess the eating habits, exercise pattern, weight, medication etc. of the patients and make them understand about different types of foods such as protein, carbohydrates and fats. The patient will also be educated on why body needs different types of foods. The dietician slowly develops a healthy eating habit along with regularized routine exercise and if necessary will also be provided with nutritional supplements.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy
During this therapy, patients are taught to cope with the emotional difficulties. The major skills developed through this therapy are mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotional regulation and interpersonal effectiveness. This treatment helps the patients to develop a deep awareness about one’s thought and accept the emotional difficulties and distress as an inevitable part of the life.
Those who have eating disorders should get assistance from a support group, which can be friends, family or even structured support groups led by professionals. The involvement of family and friends would help the patients a lot and make their recovery faster and smoother as it helps the patients to remain motivated and focused. Patients can even join in groups, where people experiencing the similar problems can share their difficulties and problems honestly.