Nutritional disorder caused due to deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1) in diet is known as Beriberi. Thiamine is vital for carbohydrate conversion into glucose within the body and hence, its inadequate amounts may lead to lethargy and fatigue. The disease may also be observed in infants, whose mothers are deficient in vitamin B1. Beriberi can hamper the normal growth and development in children and under certain cases, can lead to potentially life threatening situations too.
In adults, the major symptoms include appetite loss and numbness or weakness in legs. Other signs of disease are abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, irritability and anorexia. The problem must be treated as soon as symptoms appear as severe cases of beriberi can cause gastrointestinal disorders or cardiovascular problems and hence, its treatment at the early stage is significant for recovery.
Best Effective Home Solution For Curing Beriberi
Include diet rich in thiamine as well as other B vitamins like whole grains, brown rice, nuts, seeds, legumes, kidney beans, unrefined cereals, wheat bran, milk, yogurt, lean meats, raw fruits and green leafy veggies. But, avoid eating raw fishes and instead, include oysters in the regular diet. This thiamine rich diet will suffice the adequate needs of vitamin B1 by the body, overcoming the disease. Additionally, grind 2 teaspoons of peanuts, make a fine paste and have it every morning to cure beriberi.
Pineapple Pulp And Sunflower Seeds
Consuming pulp of pineapple two times a day after every meal helps to restore thiamine levels in span of one month, thereby curing beriberi symptoms. Sunflower seeds serve as the excellent source of vitamin B1 and eating one tablespoon of these in early morning helps to recover from beriberi disease.
Boiled Soybean And Ginger Water
Make use of 150 g of soybean, then break them and put in a pot. To this add 1 liter of water and boil it for 20 minutes. Use this boiled soybean water for a foot bath for several minutes and experience relief from leg weakness and pain. Similarly, use a ginger slice, salt and water, boil it and then use it for a foot bath.
For mild cases of beriberi, 30 mg of thiamine supplements need to be consumed in a day. For severe cases, 30 to 100 mg thiamine supplements along with multimineral complex, vitamin B complex and vitamin C need to be consumed on daily basis. Under most severe cases of mental and cardiac dysfunction like Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome (with very low blood flow to head) or cardiovascular beriberi, Vitamin B1 injections of 50 to 100 mg need to be administered for 2 times in a day. In such serious conditions, one ought to seek an immediate medical attention, without delay.
Avoid Water Post Meal
Beriberi patients must avoid drinking water or any fluids soon after having a meal as it dissolves the thiamine consumed through foods and slow down its proper functioning. Moreover, drinking high amounts of fluids with meal also washes away B vitamin including thiamine as these are all water soluble vitamins. Hence, consume fluids and water before starting a meal or have it after a gap of half an hour or more, post meal.
Avoid Certain Seafood
Avoid eating shellfish, prawns and shrimps as these possess an enzyme that breaks down thiamine and aggravate the beriberi symptoms.