Sore throat can usually be taken care of through simple methods without too much indulgence into medications and medical procedures. Usually, a sore throat lasts for anywhere between three to seven days. However, a severe sore throat can last for more than a week and need medical prescription for treatment and prevention of relapse.
If you are pregnant, sore throat which is not cured within three days should be discussed with the doctor without further delay. There is a possibility of a more serious condition which may remain latent apparently.Here are some useful ways of dealing with a severe sore throat. If not cured permanently, they can make you feel better and ease the discomfort.
Different ways For Treatments Of Severe Sore Throat
To deal with sore throat, consider taking a nonprescription medicine to ease the symptoms. Throat lozenges can numb the throat and thereby calm the pain. Their local anesthetic effects can temporary give relief from the discomfort and pain of throat. A regular cough drop can also soothe the pain and help temporarily. You can also use a decongestant to ease breathing and easy circulation of air. Decongestants also help in dealing with other causes of sore throat like a runny nose and postnatal drip. They can either be taken orally or as nasal sprays. Oral decongestants, which can prove to be more effective, are likely to have some side effects. Be careful before using them as decongestants are age, weight and health related. They may not be safe for children.
Over-the-counter painkillers can also be used for treating sore throat. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are usually recommended; these can also take care of high temperature which can accompany severe sore throat. However, a background of stomach problems can restrict you from taking these analgesics. For children below 16 years of age, these should not be administered. The painkillers do not treat the underlying condition but relieve you of the pain to ease of the self defense mechanism of the body.
Antibiotics are generally not recommended for the treatment of sore throats. This is because sore throats are usually not caused by bacteria. And even if bacteria cause sore throat, antibiotics can have insignificant effects on the severity of the symptoms. They can cause unwanted side effects; excessive usage of antibiotics to treat trivial health conditions can reduce their effectiveness in treating the more important (and life-threatening) conditions. However, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic if you have a severe sore throat is which can increase the risk of severe infection. People having a weak immunity arising out of diabetes, HIV or undergoing treatment through certain medications (as carbimazole) may need antibiotics to deal with a severe sore throat. A background of rheumatoid fever, which causes widespread inflammation, can be dealt with antibiotics. The presence of a valvular heart disease, which affects the valves in heart, or repeated infections owing to group A streptococcus bacteria can also be a reason to use antibiotics for dealing with severe sore throat. Bacterial infections of the tonsils or adenoids can be treated with antibiotics. Yeast Candida sore throat is treated with anti-fungal medications.
Other Methods To Deal With Severe Sore Throat
There are some other ways to deal with a severe sore throat. These include:
Severe sore throat may also be dealt with tonsillectomy. It is a surgical removal of the tonsils, two lumps of tissue on either side of your throat, in case of repeated infections of the tonsils (tonsillitis).
Treating glandular fever
Persistent sore throat may be due to glandular fever. Also known as infectious mononucleosis, glandular fever is a type of viral infection with symptoms that can last up to one and a half months (six weeks).
Although rare, a severe and persistent sore throat can also indicate some types of cancer, such as oropharyngeal cancer (which is a cancer of part of the throat).It mainly inflicts people over 50 years of age and affects the area at the back of your throat.
Self care and home remedies
Certain lifestyle changes and home remedies can also deal with sore throat. Smoking can cause irritation and reduce your body’s defense mechanism. Quitting smoking is one way to deal with sore throat. Dry mouth can also cause sore throat and can be taken care of (to some extent) through mouthwash and lozenges. Home treatment can usually handle a sore throat caused by a virus. Gargling with warm salt water decreases swelling and pain. Gargle can also help if you have postnatal drip. Keeping sufficient fluid intake prevents dehydration and relieves an irritated throat. This can be particularly helpful if you have fever. Hot drinks (but not too hot) may also soothe your discomfort. Using a vaporizer in your house, especially bedroom, can deal with hoarseness. However, too much dampening should be avoided.If sore throat is accompanied by fever, nausea, night sweats, etc. consult your health care expert to treat the exact cause behind.