The baby with colic generally pulls his feet up, clenches his/her feet and cries. He/she experiences acute pain in the stomach and is often very restless. There is a lot of gassiness and sleep and eating habits are grossly disrupted because of the crying.
Some experience colic only in the evenings, while other babies are prone to it throughout the day. Colic generally begins in the second or third week after the baby is born and diminishes by the beginning of the third month. Several theories have been born as to what causes colic in babies. The latest research points out to the following causes of colic.
Top Causes Of Colic
Too Much of Stimulation
Newborn infants are totally unaware of their environment for the first two weeks of their life during which they only concentrate on eating and sleeping. Once they start growing up, they become more and more aware of their environment and what surrounds them. Because of the array of sensory stimuli in the form of tastes, smell, sounds and touch, many babies experience a sensory overload by the evening and they start to feel over whelmed. The result is lots of crying and colic.
By the time they are three months of age, they are able to adapt to their environment and are able to tune out the sounds and sights. The colic begins to gradually disappear. In such cases, it is better to limit the offensive stimuli, which you feel are affecting the baby. This will reduce the intensity and episodes of crying.
The baby’s Digestive System
Some people feel that a baby’s digestive system is still very immature in the first few months after his/her birth. The digestive system contracts very violently which causes pain and gas. Gassy babies can be given relief with the help of some infant medications.
Many infants experience reflux, which is nothing but the stomach acids moving up to the oesophagus, leading to heartburn, and acidity, which may be painful or uncomfortable for the baby. If the reflux is the problem, then it is best to show your baby to the doctor.
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Research has stated that babies who are exposed to environmental pollutants like smoke are more prone to colic. It makes a lot of sense to ban smoking from the house or insist that smoking not be done in a house, which has a baby.
Insufficient milk or breastfeeding problems may also cause colic. If this is the case, you can try pumping out milk and storing it so that your baby gets enough to drink during the day.
Parental anxiety may also cause the baby to become colicky. Parents who are overly anxious and tense may communicate this to the baby making him/her cry and resulting in colic.
Whatever be the cause, infants who cry excessively due to colic are none the worse for wear as they grow up. In fact, it is seen that babies who cried, as infants tend to become effective problem solvers as adults.