Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the person suffers from high blood sugar due to deficient insulin production or poor response to insulin resulting in the inability of the body to synthesize sugars.
Diabetes is of three different forms; type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. The causes of different forms of diabetes vary and the treatments also differ based on the requirements.
Causes Of Diabetes
The food we eat gets digested and gets converted in to glucose. This glucose is the primary energy source in our body. This glucose needs to be absorbed by the body cells for the body to get nutrients. Insulin a hormone produced by the pancreas helps the body cells in absorption of glucose.
When the insulin hormone function is erratic, then the body loses the glucose through urine and the body is robbed of nutrition. This makes a person suffering from diabetes lethargic, experience fatigue and lose weight. As the body’s nutrient supply is cut off, one is less immune and prone to many illnesses.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes an auto immune disorder which is caused by the destruction of the beta cells in the body by the other cells in the body. It is believed that hereditary, genetics and environmental factors trigger type 1 diabetes. The abnormal activity of the insulin hormone is attributed to the negative effect of hormones like thyroid and adrenaline hormone on the insulin hormone. This form of diabetes develops in childhood or in the early adulthood period, hence is also called juvenile diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an insulin dependent condition and is less common compared to type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the more popular form of diabetes which usually affects one in the middle age or old age. This condition results from the poor production of insulin in the body or poor utilization of insulin by the body. Obesity, poor dietary habits and lack of exercise can be said to be the contributing factors for this form of diabetes.
Often, on is able to control type 2 diabetes by dietary modification and exercise. But, diabetes is a progressive illness and as the age increases it gets marginally worse. Oral medication is advised at first and insulin dosage is recommended beyond a certain stage. A family history of diabetes and gestational diabetes make one more prone to develop diabetes in the old age.
Women develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy, as a result of deficient insulin production. This can be due to the change in hormone levels during pregnancy. A family history in diabetes and obesity makes a woman more prone to gestational diabetes.
Dietary modification and exercise is usually advised to control such diabetes only in 10 to 20 % of the cases insulin dosage is advised. Gestational diabetes is a symptom for the development of type 2 diabetes in the old age.
This is a stage wherein the irregular functioning of the insulin hormone has started, but one is still not considered diabetic as the blood sugar levels are in border line level. Hence, caution is advised to delay onset of diabetes and dietary modification and exercise needs to be undertaken.