Cystic acne is the most severe and painful form of acne, which results from blockage of the oil glands deeply rooted beneath the skin. They burst open, get inflamed and produce pus in the surrounding tissues.
As infection is located deep beneath the skin, the acne does not rise above the surface, neither discharges the infection waste. As a result, cystic acne takes more time than other types of acne to heal.
Squeezing this type of acne can result in permanent scarring. Cystic acne is not only painful; it can build tremendous emotional pressure and physical distress to the sufferer. They can even bleed and discharge and cause unpleasant smell.
There is no definite cause for occurrence of cystic acne, and the reason may vary in individual cases, but they usually occur when our body undergoes hormonal changes that creates imbalance, such as puberty, childbirth or pregnancy. Cystic acne, in some cases, can be hereditary also.
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Best Techniques For Treatment of Cystic Acne
Depending on the skin type, various treatment options are available for men and women. There is no universal treatment that can treat everyone. Cystic acne, being the most severe form of acne, should be treated with proper care and regular guidance from a dermatologist.
To limit the scarring, early treatment is necessary. But there are some general tips and guidance given by dermatologists to people suffering from cystic acne.
Application of Topical Cleanser
People with cystic acne should use topical cleanser with anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties like Benzoyl Peroxide. For reducing inflammation, cetaphil can also be used. The affected area should be washed with lukewarm water using mild antibacterial and anti-inflammatory skin cleanser at least two times a day.
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Avoid cleansers containing astringent as they can lead to skin irritation. Use products that are oil-free for makeup. Also protect your skin from UVA and UVB rays of the sun by wearing oil-free sunscreen.
For cystic acne, over the counter topical solution are often insufficient. Dermatologist may recommend a benzoyl peroxide solution, which has prescription strength or topical medicine like azelaic acid or rentinoids. Topical treatment has varying degree of effectiveness for different patients. For some patients, topical treatment may be insufficient.
If response to topical cream and lotion is not enough for a particular patient, dermatologist may prescribe complete course of antibiotics. Commonly prescribed antibiotics for cystic acne are tetracycline, doxycycline and minocycline etc.
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Women are often prescribed oral contraceptives to reduce the level of testosterone. In some patients, birth control pills can aggravate the acne condition in the initial stage.
Corticosteroid injections are quite effective for treating cystic acne. This type of treatment is specially applied for patients with large cysts. Some people may have allergic reaction to these steroid injections.
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In recent years, laser treatments have become popular for treating cystic acne as it is a quick procedure and treat acne scars simultaneously and requires almost no downtime to get rid of acne. They hardly injure the skin (non-Ablative) and have fewer side effects.
It is advisable to discuss all the available treatment option with your dermatologist. Depending on the severity of cystic acne, he will suggest the right course of treatment.
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Today holistic acne treatment is also very popular among acne sufferers because they address the underlying cause, due to which one suffers from acne and prevent the recurrence of acne in future.
The holistic treatment is all about rebalancing the whole body by addressing nutritional deficiency and hormonal imbalance and other underlying causes that lead to acne.