The meaning of ‘osteoporosis’ originates from the word ‘osteo’ meaning bone and ‘porosis’ which means to thin out. Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones actually become very thin. They reduce in mass as well as density. This makes them thin, brittle and prone to breakage.
Bone density is an important index of the strength of the bones and the higher the bone density, the stronger the bones. Osteoporosis remains largely undetected but if left untreated it can cause bones to become increasingly brittle. This may lead to fractures of the spine, wrists or any other skeletal bone. In old age, the fractures can permanently disable the person and cause death and acute discomfort. The symptoms include fractures, back and wrist pain, difficulties in walking, stooped posture and loss of height.
Some Remedies To Treat Osteoporosis
Daily exercise is necessary to prevent osteoporosis. This helps to maintain the bone density and keeps the bones strong and healthy. Take out time for a walk or a jog at least 3-4 times a week for maximum benefits. Right training also improves the strength and flexibility of the bones.
It is said that swimming and water aerobics are excellent for preventing the onset or further deterioration of osteoporosis. It helps to take the stress off the bones, joints and muscles and also exercises the body.
Women undergoing menopause are more prone to osteoporosis due to the decreasing levels of estrogen in the body. In such cases, it is recommended that they consume soya or soy products as this helps to maintain hormonal equilibrium in the body.
Increasing one’s calcium intake and having adequate dietary calcium helps to keep the bones strong. Take calcium rich food like milk, curd, beans and cheese or have rich almond milk to prevent loss of bone density. Calcium can also be taken in the form of a calcium supplement. A minimum of 1500 mg of calcium should be taken in order to prevent bone loss and bone disease.
Zinc and Copper
Trace elements like zinc and copper help in better absorption of calcium and are also needed for strong and supple bones. These are readily available in fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats, liver, whole grains and beans.
Consume a diet that is rich in sprouts like Brussels’ sprouts. These help to prevent cancer, birth defects and also contain the essential vitamin K that protects against osteoporosis.
Just taking calcium is not enough. Make sure you take in the essential vitamin D, which helps in better absorption of dietary calcium and is needed for strong and healthy bones. The best way of getting Vitamin D is by going out into the sun for around 20 minutes every day. This helps the vitamin D to readily get absorbed into the skin.
Make sure you follow a healthy lifestyle, which includes correct posture, banning of alcohol and smoking, eating well and regular exercise. Certain practises like yoga and meditation also help to protect the body against osteoporosis.