All ants do not sting. There are only three types of ants which sting. They are fire ants known as Solenopsis, ponerine ants known as Pachycondyla and the Myrmecia ants. When the ants bite, they grab the skin with their mandibles and continuously inflict a kind of venom which is toxic and which irritates the skin enormously. The main component of the venom is formic acid. The venom which fire ants spray, contains alkaloid and protein components.
Fire ants inflict the most painful stings. Besides severe itching and burning ant bites can cause allergic reactions like chest pains, nausea, shortness of breath, excessive sweating, slurred speech and severe inflammation of the skin. The itching and burning caused by ant bites sets the skin on fire and red welts appear on the skin. Sometimes due to severe scratching, tiny bumps and pustules occur on the skin. To avoid this, you should avoid scratching and immediately remove the ants from your skin.
Home Remedies For Ant Bites
When an ant bites the venom it sprays permeates the skin and causes an itchy weal. The venom is quite toxic and it breaks down the sterile tissues and often pus begins to accumulate in the tiny bumps. Baking soda has the ability to neutralize the venom and negate its effect. It also brings considerable relief in the itching and burning and heals the damaged tissues. Make a thick paste with some water and baking soda and coat the ant bites with it. Leave it to dry. Reapply every few hours till you get complete relief from the sting.
Fire ants use an alkaloid and allergenic proteins in their sting. The alkaloid is quite toxic and the allergenic proteins trigger an allergic effect in the body. E immunoglobins are produced in mass and these bring on such reactions as nausea, chest pains and inflammation. White vinegar is full of acetic acid which neutralizes the alkaloid and the allergenic proteins and brings relief in the inflammation and itching. Dab white vinegar on the ant bites as frequently as possible.
Take some warm melted ghee and rub it with your index finger on the ant bites. Keep rubbing gently so that the skin will absorb good amounts of ghee. Ghee has many valuable healing and anti-inflammatory properties. It will negate the effect of the venom and will quickly alleviate the burning and itching. You can rub ghee as many times as you want to get relief from the pain.
Tea Tree Oil
As soon as you are bitten by ants, take a cotton swab and dip it in some tea tree oil. Swab the bitten areas of the skin with the cotton. Repeat the process till the itching and burning have vanished completely. Tea tree oil will immediately disinfect the area and will soothe the inflamed skin thus eliminating the urge to scratch madly.
Slice one onion into thin rings. Place the ring of onion on the ant bite and rub it gently over it. Onion will remove the toxins from the skin and will bring instant relief in the itching.