Consumption of a healthy diet is quintessential in the management of type 2 diabetes. A diet for type 2 diabetes should be rich in necessary nutrients and less in calories. An ideal balance should be maintained between the carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Some people follow the method of tracking carbohydrate count while others follow portion control method. The key is to bring down the sugar levels without affecting the day to day functions and the long term health of the type 2 diabetic person.
Foods to Be Added
Fibers are excellent for diabetic diet management as they are low in calories and give the feeling of full stomach. Whole grain foods, vegetables and fruits are rich in fiber. They also aid the bowel movements and help prevent constipation. Choose fruits that are less in sugar and also prefer raw fruits to fruit juices.
Carbohydrates are the energy sources of the body. Many type 2 diabetic people complain of lethargy very fast. Hence, do not cut down your carbohydrate intake altogether. Include more of complex carbohydrates like whole grain bread, brown breads and rice, oats bran and multigrain flour and brads in your diet. Foods take time to digest and hence do not spike your blood sugar levels.
Legumes like kidney beans, lentils and lean meat like poultry, turkey and white of the eggs are rich in proteins. Avoid red meat and meat products, though they rich in proteins. Some people advocate an all protein meal with no carbohydrates for diabetes. This is not ideal as in the longer run; this will also aid weight gain. Choose the right ratio of carbohydrates and proteins in your meal. Proteins are essential in sustaining the energy that the carbohydrates provide, so one cannot exist without the other.
Fats by virtue of their name are often viewed as bad foods. But saturated and Trans fats are the types of fat that needs to be avoided. We need the unsaturated fat available from oils like olive oil and canola oil for the healthy functioning of the body. Nuts are also a rich source of good fats. They also help in maintaining the eye and the skin health of the body.Omega 3 fatty acids are available in abundance from fishes and are good to promote a healthy heart. Include fishes or take omega 3 supplements as type 2 diabetics are more prone to heart ailments.
Foods to be Avoided
Avoid high salty food as there is always a risk of high blood pressure with diabetes. Preserved, canned, instant and readymade foods also need to be avoided. Most of them are high in salt and other harmful preservatives. The calorie count is high for such foods so they will promote weight gain. Avoid sugary, synthetic beverages and sweets. Sugar free and artificially sweetened foods also need to be avoided as they are harmful in the longer run. Water is the best remedy for the excessive thirst due to diabetes. Drink at least 10 to 15 glasses of water daily. This will aid the removal of toxins from the body and also reduces the risk of kidney ailments among type 2 diabetics.