Basic Features Of Japanese Garden Design

Basic Features Of Japanese Garden Design

Basic Features Of Japanese Garden Design Japanese garden design is borrowed from nature in its most natural form. You will see all the elements of nature beautifully and aesthetically blended together in a Japanese garden design.

It helps a person to escape from the stress and strains of daily life. There are certain features that are typical in a Japanese garden design.

The Basic Features of Japanese Garden Design are;


The presence of a natural water body is a must Japanese garden design. You can see it in the form of a pond, a water fall or a manmade stream the winds across the garden creating a tranquil and serene atmosphere. A fountain is not part of Japanese garden because it is manmade and it does not fit in with natural settings. You will not find a square pond in a Japanese garden design because it is unnatural.

A Bamboo Bridge or a Stoned Path

A bridge made with wood or bamboo is constructed to take you across the stream. This gives a feeling of a quiet stroll in natural surroundings. Similarly uneven stones are placed to make a path in the garden on which the visitor can walk and admire the beauty of the garden.

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An Arrangement of Different types of Rocks or Stones

To give you a feeling of being closer to nature different types of rocks and stones of irregular shapes are arranged in a Japanese garden design. Sometimes a big monolithic rock is placed in one part of garden that represents a mountain. Small shrubs or moss are arranged in between the rocks that are symbolic of a forest.

A pavilion that is called a Tea House

The tea ceremony of Japanese culture is a ritual that is religiously followed by the people of Japan. The presence of a tea house or a pavilion built with bamboo or natural wood pieces serves a place where the tea ceremony occurs.
The bridge or the stoned path often leads the way to the tea house.


Lanterns are placed along the stoned path or around the water body. These are mostly made with stones. It enhances the mystic appeal of a Japanese garden.

Plants and Fence to Enclose the Garden

Evergreen plants and flowering shrubs completes the Japanese garden design. They do not fill every space in the garden but are arranged to create space. You will find a cluster of plants in one corner while there is an open space in another part of a Japanese garden. The theme ‘Less for More’ of Japanese garden design is truly justified in the way plants are used in Japanese garden. Plants and shrubs of different colours are used to symbolise different climates.

Invariably a fence or a hedge is used to enclose the garden. This in a way is like capturing nature on a canvas, where every element from nature is borrowed and stored by man to be used as a place for contemplation and to attain peace.
This is the under lying principle of a Japanese garden design.

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