Cirrhosis is a medical condition in which organ of liver starts depreciating gradually which ultimately results in breakdown of liver. The breakdown occurs because of some unremitting wound. In cirrhosis of liver, the worn out tissue substitutes the strong tissues of liver.
This process leads to congestion of the blood flow from liver to some extent.
The substitution of healthy tissues also hampers with the normal functioning of the liver such as, capability of the liver to control clotting of blood, infections, eliminate toxic material from the body, take further action on vitamins, minerals, medicines and hormones. The ability of the liver to produce spleen is also severely affected in case of cirrhosis.
Normally, liver has the capacity to reproduce damaged cells. In the last phase of cirrhosis, this capacity of liver for cell reproduction ends completely. Men are more vulnerable towards developing cirrhosis then women.
Causes of Cirrhosis
Intense and regular consumption of alcohol, hepatitis C and obesity in most extreme cases have been recognized as general causes of developing cirrhosis.
Hepatitis C in a chronic stage develops due to contact with infected blood. This problem leads to swelling as well as injury to the liver during course of time and ultimately causing liver cirrhosis. An interesting medical fact associated with hepatitis D is that it develops in patients already suffering from hepatitis B. Liver disorders such as Hepatitis B, C and D eventually becomes primary causes for the occurrence of cirrhosis.
Newer forms of Cirrhosis
In recent times, it has been observed that many people have been suffering from the two newer forms of liver syndrome which in the longer run leads to liver cirrhosis. First one is NAFLD and the second one is autoimmune hepatitis. In the first one, fat contents begin to accumulate inside the organ of liver which in the longer run leads to liver cirrhosis. This can occur to people who do not consume alcohol but have weakness towards food filled with fatty content.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disorder can be easily co-related with a person suffering from the problem of overweight, undernourishment, lack of protein in diet, heart disease as well as diabetes.
In autoimmune hepatitis, antibodies that form the bulk of human immunity start destroying the cells of liver, thereby leading to swelling in liver and if the problem is not controlled or go unnoticed, then it can even damage liver. Sooner or later, person will suffer from cirrhosis. But autoimmune hepatitis is very rare in occurrence and some of the cases are contributed to hereditary factor.
Conditions leading to biliary cirrhosis
Two conditions might develop in biliary cirrhosis. In first condition, tubes that transport bile from the organ of liver gets damaged leading to jamming of bile in the liver. This condition eventually causes liver cirrhosis. In most severe cases, tubes carrying biles can vanish.
The second condition in which biliary cirrhosis can occur is when any injury is done to the bile tubes at some stage in operation of gallbladder or when the tubes are joined erroneously.
There are multiple conditions which might give rise to cirrhosis. Some of them can be hereditary in nature or some of the conditions are result of chemical reactions taking place inside the body.
Warning Sings leading to Cirrhosis
In the first phase, cirrhosis exhibits little or no symptoms but with passage of time, less harmful symptoms starts making their appearance. Warning signs that become visible initially are common in several maladies. Some of the signs are feeling sick all the time, queasiness, gradual reduction in body weight, low energy, burning sensation, reduced hunger, increased pain and swelling in abdomen when it is full and appearance of vessels in shape of web over the surface of the skin.
Health Problems due to cirrhosis
When the condition of liver starts depreciating, multiple health problems arise. In later stages of cirrhosis, a certain kind of liquid begins to accumulate inside both or one leg and also in the abdominal area. Both the conditions can lead to infectivity of grave nature.
Another lethal complication arising due to liver deterioration is the dawdling manufacturing of natural protein which is necessary for coagulation of blood inside the body or in some cases liver will stop manufacturing the natural protein completely. In these cases, affected person will develop a tendency to suffer from blood loss or might also experience the problem of body discoloration. In most extreme cases, tendency of blood loss can lead to brain haemorrhage.
Jaundice is one of the most common health problems arising due to cirrhosis. In this, the liver is not able to eliminate adequate amount of bilirubin from inside the blood which turns the skin and white portion of both the eyes yellow in appearance. In this case, urine gets darker in colour.
An affected person becomes receptive towards medicines for the reason that liver is not able to clean medicines from blood. Because of this, the capacity of medicines also gets reduced leading to negative effects of medicines inside the body.
Failure of liver to purify the blood from toxic elements results in their build-up inside the organ of brain. It causes reduction in cerebral utility of the brain which might also lead to loss of consciousness. This cerebral complication is known as hepatic encephalopathy.
Treatment of Cirrhosis
Treatment of cirrhosis is decided on the basis of certain conditions. Some of the important conditions that must be kept in mind while deciding the nature of treatment are exact origin of the malady, concurrent health problems and present health of a person.
The basic objective of cirrhosis treatment is to prevent the development of tissue scar on the organ of liver as well as treating the health complications that arises due to cirrhosis.
A special diet chart is chalked for people suffering from cirrhosis since undernourishment is widespread in such cases. Alcohol and other types of liquor must be stopped completely as any of the stuff will cause further injury to the liver. Even vitamin supplements must be taken only after the recommendation of doctor.
Liver transplant is recommended only in those cases where no other treatment is effective. In this, unhealthy liver or affected portion of liver is replaced with strong liver taken from a donor.