Enzymes are very important for proper functioning of all organs of the body. Enzymes are made up of protein and amino acids. They are found in thousands of different varieties in the body. Enzymes are available in different shapes, sizes and capacity that perform different activities and reactions in the body. The structure of an enzyme determines its functions and capabilities. It helps in catalysing chemical reactions and maximizes the rate at which vital products are produced in the body. Enzymes are responsible for supplying nutrients which are must for synthesis of new cells and giving them required energy to perform functions. In this article we will know about eight different types of enzymes and their role in the better management of human body.
Here Are 8 Types Of Enzymes And Their Benefits
This enzyme is very beneficial for the digestion of protein in the body. That is why it got its name as protease. This enzyme consists of alkaline, acidic and neutral nature along with peptidase to ensure proper disintegration of protein. It comprises of two varieties – endoproteases and exoproteases.
Cellulase helps in the digestion of fibre in the body. It also supports body to liberate other nutrients which are held by cellulose. It helps in extracting the maximum nutrition from the food items and efficiently breaks them into fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
This is another very effective enzyme which helps in disintegrating pectin which is a soluble and non-cellulose polysaccharide found mostly in fruits and vegetables. It provides nutrients to the body that help them to create biomolecules.
Phytase is extremely useful for the body for its function of breaking down phytic acid, releasing phosphorus and boosting absorption of minerals by the body cells and tissues.Further it then helps in the assimilation phase by supplying nutrients to each and every cell of the body.
This enzyme helps in efficient digestion of fat in the body. It secretes free fatty acids which are utilized by the cells present at the lining the digestive tract. This helps in efficient and quick digestion of food. This enzyme is also responsible for resynthesizing phospholipids which are added into the lymphatic circulation for well-functioning of lymphs.
Bile is an enzyme secreted in the liver and is present in the form of Bile juice. It aids digestion of fat. It is very effective in dissolving fat and supports another fat digestion enzyme lipase to carry out digestion process effectively.
This enzyme helps in efficiently splitting complex carbohydrate, sugar and starch in the body which in turn aids in the process of its digestion. It is secreted in the human digestive organ. It is a combination of enzymes that promotes healthy digestion, detoxification and cleansing of the entire body.This enzyme is very essential for a healthy digestive system!
This is a pancreatic enzyme which remains as inert state in an environment with low Ph level or in acidic environment. Such environment is found when enzyme enters the duodenum. On accumulation of bicarbonate produced inside the epithelia layer of pancreatic ducts, increases the pH levels of chyme.
All these enzymes are vital to the body. Due to the lack of a certain enzyme a person may suffer from life threatening genetic disorders and serious illnesses. In some cases or to treat some diseases, deficiency of any enzymes is recovered by consuming supplements.