According to the National Institute of Health, nearly five million adult men are battling low testosterone levels. Testosterone is one of the several hormones which the human body produces.
This hormone is present in both men and women. However, women produce a smaller amount of this hormone as compared to men.Testosterone hormone which is produced in male testes is essential for maintaining muscle and bone health, promoting red blood cell production, for sperm production and for maintaining a healthy sex drive. The increase in the facial and body hair growth as also deepening of the voice in adolescent males is attributed to this hormone.
Causes Of Low Testosterone in Men
The testosterone levels in men gradually decrease as they grow older. In fact, this decline in testosterone levels begins at around age 30. This decrease in testosterone levels after a man crosses his thirtieth year is totally normal. However, if testosterone levels begin to reduce in men who are younger than 30, they are said to be suffering from hypogonadism.
Hypogonadism can happen due to a variety of reasons including drug abuse, excessive levels of stress, injury, infection or due to some disease condition. Hypogonadism can result in increased feeling of depression, extreme fatigue, loss of libido, decreased sex drive, poor memory and erectile dysfunction in young men. Through this article we will explore some of the common causes of low testosterone levels in young males.
The testosterone levels in healthy males can plummet due to some genetic condition or disorder. Genetic conditions which can lead to lower testosterone levels include Kallman syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome and Cushings syndrome.
Some men suffer from low testosterone levels because of congenital disorders. Congenital disorders which need not necessarily be hereditary disorder are anomalies which are present at birth. The absence of testicles is an example of a congenital deformity or anomaly.
Thyroid disorders, pituitary gland disorders and hyperprolactinemia can also cause a sudden reduction in the levels of the male hormone testosterone.
Low levels of testosterone, especially in younger men have been attributed to abnormal growths or tumors around the pituitary gland. Benign growths around the pituitary gland can cause testosterone levels to plummet. These tumors or benign growths can be removed with radiation therapy or surgery. Cancerous growths around the testicles can also result in lower testosterone levels in men.
Tuberculosis, which is an inflammatory disease, can cause testosterone levels to drop. Similarly infectious diseases like mumps, meningitis and syphilis can also affect the normal production of the hormone testosterone.
The dangerous use of psychoactive substances like illicit drugs and alcohol is referred to as substance abuse. Men who abuse drugs like oxycodone, cocaine and marijuana have lower testosterone levels than their counterparts who do not use or abuse drugs. Excessive consumption of alcohol can also reduce testosterone levels in otherwise healthy males.
Research has revealed than the main reason for lower testosterone levels in many young, healthy males is extreme stress. Excessive stress can actually reduce the normal levels of this hormone in the body. Reducing stress levels is the only way out in this case.
Sometimes certain routine medication can cause the testosterone levels to plunge. The testosterone levels go up once the medication is stopped.