Dark spots on skin happens due to exposure to sun and as we tend to age, it increases. These dark spots occur when melanin forms deposits. These dark spots are called hyper pigmentation. Hyper pigmentation is not a dangerous problem and if treated properly can rejuvenate skin. There cosmetic procedures available to treat Hyper pigmentation these days done by dematologists and cosmetologists. Here are a few cosmetic procedures available to cure hyper pigmentation.
These Are Cosmetic Procedures For Skin Hyper Pigmentation
The CO2 Fractionated therapy and Fraxel 1927nm are two most popular procedures that helps to cure hyper pigmentation. The laser technology that works here is quite interesting. Fractions of the skin are treated by tiny dots of laser. This removes hyper pigmentation and also top layers of the skin and rejuvenates the remaining skin by healing it and keeping it intact. Compared to traditional lasers, the new laser treatments use much advanced technology and hence have become very popular.
This treatment absorbs the pigmentation in the skin. Also treats redness of the skin and tiny capillaries making the skin fresh. Besides discoloration, IPL also improves dull skin, reduces redness, and shrink enlarged pores. It helps skin to produce collagen, which in turn tighten the skin and smooth fine lines. No downtime is needed for this treatment and results are visible immediately.
The process of chemical peeling uses some skin lightening ingredients which reduces hyper pigmentation. These skin lightening ingredients exfoliates the layers of the skin specially the areas where discoloration and spots are present. This treatment also helps prevent hyper pigmentation from reoccurring. Chemical peeling are most useful in cases of mild hyper pigmentation. Chemical peeling clears acne, smooths the skin, reduces redness, smooths lines of ageing and also shrink enlarged pores. Some people experience a mild after effect like inflammation, redness or tenderness after chemical peeling.
We all know how the UV rays of sun are dangerous for our skin and can cause damage to our skin. Because of the Ultraviolet rays from the sun our skin produces melanocytes, due to which dark spots appear. Hence it is always important to apply a good sunscreen which has SPF30 at least before going out in the sun. But remember sunscreen should always be applied 30 minutes before going out in the sun. Sunscreen prevents our skin from discoloration and pigmentation.
This process mainly uses bleaching creams or skin creams. Bleaching creams contain hydroquinone, retinol, glycolic acid, kojic acid and salicylic acid which helps in making skin tone even. These creams are easily available in the market but over use of such creams may result in side effects. Dermatologists often suggest combination treatments like using a hydroquinone cream and a cream with glycolic acids, corticosteroids and tretinoin.