Frequent trips to the bathroom are a definite warning sign that you need to see a doctor. A healthy adult typically urinates between four and eight times during the course of a day. However, individuals who are suffering from underlying health complications may experience the urgency to urinate more frequently.
The bladder of an adult human can store up to 600ml of urine. But typically individuals feel the need to urinate after their bladder stores about 150ml of urine.
However, some people may suffer from polyuria, or the need to urinate more frequently, due to bladder dysfunction or because the amount of urine produced by the body exceeds the bladder capacity.
5 Likely Causes Of Frequent Urination
People, who need to urinate frequently, may also notice allied urinary problems like change in the color of their urine, malodorous urine and sudden loss of bladder control or urinary incontinence.
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The urgency to urinate frequently can not only affect a person’s general well being but it can also negatively impact their social and even their professional life .
There are a host of factors which can directly or indirectly be responsible for an individuals desire to urinate frequently. A few causes behind the need for certain individuals to urinate frequently have been discussed below.
Drinking Excessive Amounts of Water
Don’t hit the panic button if your visits to the bathroom have increased significantly during the recent past. People who drink excessive amounts of fluids need to empty their bladder more frequently than people whose fluid intake is low. Increasing the urine output is the body’s natural mechanism to remove excess fluids from the system.
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As the uterus expands in size, it exerts a good deal of pressure on the bladder. This pressure exerted by the expanding uterus on the bladder is one of the main reasons why pregnant women may experience the need to empty their bladder more frequently. Similarly, fluctuating hormone levels can also induce the need to urinate more frequently among pregnant women.
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UTI or Urinary Tract Infections
Bacterial invasion and subsequent infection of the urinary tract and bladder can lead to pain and inflammation. Any infection of the urinary tract can cause the bladder to become constricted.
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When the bladder is constricted a person may feel the need to urinate more often. Similarly, interstitial cystitis a type of bladder infection, which is characterized by acute bladder pain, may also lead to frequent urination.
Among men an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer can give rise to the need to urinate frequently. When the prostate gland becomes inflamed as a result of some infection, it begins to exert pressure on the bladder. This causes the bladder to become constricted which in turn increases the urgency in individuals to urinate frequently.
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Most diabetes patients may suffer from some degree of nerve damage which can cause their bladder to empty frequently. Similarly, frequent urination is the natural mechanism adopted by the body, to eliminate excess blood glucose.
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Excessive consumption of artificial sweeteners, taking medications which act as a diuretic, kidney diseases, presence of uterine fibroids and bladder cancer are some of the other known factors responsible for the increased urgency to urinate in certain individuals.