Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are becoming quite common nowadays. The transmission of STD causing organisms can occur through oral sex or anus sex. It can also be transferred to a non-infected person by the means of body fluids and tissues from an infected person.
Usage of unsterilized needles and syringes can also be the media for transmission of infection. About 20 kinds of sexually transmitted diseases have been identified yet.
Symptoms Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The common types of STDs involve chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, syphilis and hepatitis A, B and C. These sexually transmitted diseases and infections if not treated early, may lead to undesirable effects, damages to the body and may even interfere with the development of the fetus, if the mother is infected.
The disease may be transmitted from an infected partner even if they do not exhibit any symptoms. However, following symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases must be in the knowledge of every adult individual so that, early treatment to prevent undesirable results can be started.
Redness And Swelling Of The Genitals
It is quite obvious that due to inflammation, the affected part of the genitals may become red, swollen and painful. Such is a symptom of gonorrhea, a kind of sexually transmitted disease which is caused by an organism known as Neisseria gonorrheae. Burning and itching of the vagina may also occur.
Arthritis can be a symptom of gonorrhea. The disease may spread up to the joints, may lead to inflammation in the area and thus can cause gonorrheal arthritis.
Infection of the pelvis may also occur due to gonorrhea. The symptoms of pelvic infection may include fever, abdominal pain and pain during sexual intercourse.
The infection caused can also affect the urinary tract which in turn, may result in burning sensation and pain while passing urine. Hence, painful urination is also one of the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases.
Painful blisters may be caused in the case of infection due to herpes simplex virus which leads to the sexually transmitted disease known as genital herpes. This virus can also be a threat to the baby if the mother is infected.
Ulcer formation is also a symptom of sexually transmitted diseases in the case of syphilis. Syphilis is caused due to bacterium spirochete. The disease progresses in three stages. The first stage involves the formation of ulcers on the vagina of an infected woman, on the scrotum of an infected male or in mouth that can occur merely due to kissing.
A kind of greenish, yellow, clear or white vaginal discharge may occur as a result of a type of sexually transmitted infection known as trichomoniasis, which typically infects the vagina. Moreover, trichomoniasis also causes vaginal itching and painful urination. In men, the disease may cause unusual discharge from the penis and irritation or itching of the penis.
Intense Itching In The Pubic Area
This is a symptom of a sexually transmitted disease which is caused due to pubic lice, also known as catch crabs.
Genital warts are caused by Human papilloma virus (HPV). The warts can appear anywhere on the skin near the genitals. Warts on the cervix may cause vaginal discharge and slight bleeding.
HIV is more a lethal type of STD which is becoming common with time. AIDS may show up no symptoms. However, some infected people exhibit flu-like symptoms during the initial stages. These symptoms include fatigue, fever, headache, sore throat and swollen lymph nodes. Such symptoms are often mistaken with viral infections. Symptoms such as diarrhea, weight loss, cough and shortness of breath may be shown up too.
It is known that about 70 to 75 percent of the cases of STD due to chlamydia infection go unnoticed, that is, asymptomatic. However, the onset of symptoms in other cases of the infection is after three weeks of exposure to the bacteria.
The signs and symptoms of chlamydia infection include vaginal discharge in women which occurs due to inflamed cervix, pain during intercourse, bleeding after sex, a white cloudy and watery discharge from the penis may occur in the case of infection in men, and many such symptoms.
STD May Be Asymptomatic
Yes, it is true. STD may go unnoticed for quite a long period of time, that is, it does not exhibit any symptom. It happens quite often. A medical check-up for STI screening on a regular basis can help in avoiding the spread of infection through its early detection. Also, use of protections such as condoms during sex, can prevent STD.